This section outlines the procedure for starting NDB Cluster replication using a single replication channel.
Start the MySQL replication source server by issuing this command, where
idis this server's unique ID (see Section 23.7.2, “General Requirements for NDB Cluster Replication”):
shellS> mysqld --ndbcluster --server-id=id \ --log-bin --ndb-log-bin &
This starts the server's mysqld process with binary logging enabled using the proper logging format. It is also necessary in NDB 8.0 to enable logging of updates to
NDBtables explicitly, using the
--ndb-log-binoption; this is a change from previous versions of NDB Cluster, in which this option was enabled by default.Note
You can also start the source with
--binlog-format=MIXED, in which case row-based replication is used automatically when replicating between clusters. Statement-based binary logging is not supported for NDB Cluster Replication (see Section 23.7.2, “General Requirements for NDB Cluster Replication”).
Start the MySQL replica server as shown here:
shellR> mysqld --ndbcluster --server-id=id &
In the command just shown,
idis the replica server's unique ID. It is not necessary to enable logging on the replica.Note
Unless you want replication to begin immediately, delay the start of the replication threads until the appropriate
START REPLICA | SLAVEstatement has been issued, as explained in Step 4 below. You can do this by starting the replica with the
--skip-slave-startoption on the command line, by including
skip-slave-startin the replica's
my.cnffile, or in MySQL 8.0.24 and later, by setting the
skip_slave_startsystem variable. From MySQL 8.0.26, use
It is necessary to synchronize the replica server with the source server's replication binary log. If binary logging has not previously been running on the source, run the following statement on the replica:
mysqlR> CHANGE MASTER TO -> MASTER_LOG_FILE='', -> MASTER_LOG_POS=4;
Beginning with MySQL 8.0.23, you can also use the following statement:
mysqlR> CHANGE REPLICATION SOURCE TO -> SOURCE_LOG_FILE='', -> SOURCE_LOG_POS=4;
This instructs the replica to begin reading the source server's binary log from the log's starting point. Otherwise—that is, if you are loading data from the source using a backup—see Section 23.7.8, “Implementing Failover with NDB Cluster Replication”, for information on how to obtain the correct values to use for
MASTER_LOG_POSin such cases.
Finally, instruct the replica to begin applying replication by issuing this command from the mysql client on the replica:
mysqlR> START SLAVE;
In MySQL 8.0.22 and later, you can also use the following statement:
mysqlR> START REPLICA;
This also initiates the transmission of data and changes from the source to the replica.
It is also possible to use two replication channels, in a manner similar to the procedure described in the next section; the differences between this and using a single replication channel are covered in Section 23.7.7, “Using Two Replication Channels for NDB Cluster Replication”.
It is also possible to improve cluster replication performance by
enabling batched updates.
This can be accomplished by setting the system variable
MySQL 8.0.26) or
MySQL 8.0.26) on the replicas' mysqld
processes. Normally, updates are applied as soon as they are
received. However, the use of batching causes updates to be
applied in batches of 32 KB each; this can result in higher
throughput and less CPU usage, particularly where individual
updates are relatively small.
Batching works on a per-epoch basis; updates belonging to more than one transaction can be sent as part of the same batch.
All outstanding updates are applied when the end of an epoch is reached, even if the updates total less than 32 KB.
Batching can be turned on and off at runtime. To activate it at runtime, you can use either of these two statements:
SET GLOBAL slave_allow_batching = 1; SET GLOBAL slave_allow_batching = ON; Or from MySQL 8.0.26: SET GLOBAL replica_allow_batching = 1; SET GLOBAL replica_allow_batching = ON;
If a particular batch causes problems (such as a statement whose effects do not appear to be replicated correctly), batching can be deactivated using any of the following statements:
SET GLOBAL slave_allow_batching = 0; SET GLOBAL slave_allow_batching = OFF; Or from MySQL 8.0.26: SET GLOBAL replica_allow_batching = 0; SET GLOBAL replica_allow_batching = OFF;
You can check whether batching is currently being used by means of
statement, like this one:
mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'slave%'; Or from MySQL 8.0.26: mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'replica%';