A replication channel requires two MySQL servers acting as replication servers (one each for the source and replica). For example, this means that in the case of a replication setup with two replication channels (to provide an extra channel for redundancy), there will be a total of four replication nodes, two per cluster.
Replication of an NDB Cluster as described in this section and
those following is dependent on row-based replication. This means
that the replication source MySQL server must be running with
--binlog-format=MIXED, as described
in Section 22.6.6, “Starting NDB Cluster Replication (Single Replication Channel)”. For
general information about row-based replication, see
Section 17.2.1, “Replication Formats”.
If you attempt to use NDB Cluster Replication with
replication fails to work properly because the
ndb_binlog_index table on the source cluster
epoch column of the
ndb_apply_status table on the replica cluster
are not updated (see
Section 22.6.4, “NDB Cluster Replication Schema and Tables”). Instead,
only updates on the MySQL server acting as the replication
source propagate to the replica, and no updates from any other
SQL nodes in the source cluster are replicated.
The default value for the
--binlog-format option is
Each MySQL server used for replication in either cluster must be
uniquely identified among all the MySQL replication servers
participating in either cluster (you cannot have replication
servers on both the source and replica clusters sharing the same
ID). This can be done by starting each SQL node using the
id is a unique integer. Although
it is not strictly necessary, we will assume for purposes of this
discussion that all NDB Cluster binaries are of the same release
It is generally true in MySQL Replication that both MySQL servers (mysqld processes) involved must be compatible with one another with respect to both the version of the replication protocol used and the SQL feature sets which they support (see Section 17.5.2, “Replication Compatibility Between MySQL Versions”). It is due to such differences between the binaries in the NDB Cluster and MySQL Server 8.0 distributions that NDB Cluster Replication has the additional requirement that both mysqld binaries come from an NDB Cluster distribution. The simplest and easiest way to assure that the mysqld servers are compatible is to use the same NDB Cluster distribution for all source and replica mysqld binaries.
We assume that the replica server or cluster is dedicated to replication of the source cluster, and that no other data is being stored on it.
NDB tables being replicated must be created
using a MySQL server and client. Tables and other database objects
created using the NDB API (with, for example,
not visible to a MySQL server and so are not replicated. Updates
by NDB API applications to existing tables that were created using
a MySQL server can be replicated.
It is possible to replicate an NDB Cluster using statement-based replication. However, in this case, the following restrictions apply:
All updates to data rows on the cluster acting as the source must be directed to a single MySQL server.
It is not possible to replicate a cluster using multiple simultaneous MySQL replication processes.
Only changes made at the SQL level are replicated.
These are in addition to the other limitations of statement-based replication as opposed to row-based replication; see Section 18.104.22.168, “Advantages and Disadvantages of Statement-Based and Row-Based Replication”, for more specific information concerning the differences between the two replication formats.