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13.7.7.10 SHOW CREATE TABLE Syntax

SHOW CREATE TABLE tbl_name

Shows the CREATE TABLE statement that creates the named table. To use this statement, you must have some privilege for the table. This statement also works with views.

mysql> SHOW CREATE TABLE t\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
       Table: t
Create Table: CREATE TABLE `t` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `s` char(60) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4

As of MySQL 8.0.16, MySQL implements CHECK constraints and SHOW CREATE TABLE displays them. All CHECK constraints are displayed as table constraints. That is, a CHECK constraint originally specified as part of a column definition displays as a separate clause not part of the column definition. Example:

mysql> CREATE TABLE t1 (
         i1 INT CHECK (i1 <> 0),      -- column constraint
         i2 INT,
         CHECK (i2 > i1),             -- table constraint
         CHECK (i2 <> 0) NOT ENFORCED -- table constraint, not enforced
       );

mysql> SHOW CREATE TABLE t1\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
       Table: t1
Create Table: CREATE TABLE `t1` (
  `i1` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
  `i2` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
  CONSTRAINT `t1_chk_1` CHECK ((`i1` <> 0)),
  CONSTRAINT `t1_chk_2` CHECK ((`i2` > `i1`)),
  CONSTRAINT `t1_chk_3` CHECK ((`i2` <> 0)) /*!80016 NOT ENFORCED */
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4 COLLATE=utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci

SHOW CREATE TABLE quotes table and column names according to the value of the sql_quote_show_create option. See Section 5.1.8, “Server System Variables”.

For information about how CREATE TABLE statements are stored by MySQL, see Section 13.1.20.1, “CREATE TABLE Statement Retention”.