Documentation Home
MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual
Related Documentation Download this Manual
PDF (US Ltr) - 47.0Mb
PDF (A4) - 47.1Mb
PDF (RPM) - 42.4Mb
HTML Download (TGZ) - 10.8Mb
HTML Download (Zip) - 10.9Mb
HTML Download (RPM) - 9.4Mb
Man Pages (TGZ) - 226.8Kb
Man Pages (Zip) - 333.5Kb
Info (Gzip) - 4.2Mb
Info (Zip) - 4.2Mb
Excerpts from this Manual

MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  TRUNCATE TABLE Syntax

13.1.37 TRUNCATE TABLE Syntax


TRUNCATE TABLE empties a table completely. It requires the DROP privilege. Logically, TRUNCATE TABLE is similar to a DELETE statement that deletes all rows, or a sequence of DROP TABLE and CREATE TABLE statements.

To achieve high performance, TRUNCATE TABLE bypasses the DML method of deleting data. Thus, it does not cause ON DELETE triggers to fire, it cannot be performed for InnoDB tables with parent-child foreign key relationships, and it cannot be rolled back like a DML operation. However, TRUNCATE TABLE operations on tables that use an atomic DDL-supported storage engine are either fully committed or rolled back if the server halts during their operation. For more information, see Section 13.1.1, “Atomic Data Definition Statement Support”.

Although TRUNCATE TABLE is similar to DELETE, it is classified as a DDL statement rather than a DML statement. It differs from DELETE in the following ways:

  • Truncate operations drop and re-create the table, which is much faster than deleting rows one by one, particularly for large tables.

  • Truncate operations cause an implicit commit, and so cannot be rolled back. See Section 13.3.3, “Statements That Cause an Implicit Commit”.

  • Truncation operations cannot be performed if the session holds an active table lock.

  • TRUNCATE TABLE fails for an InnoDB table or NDB table if there are any FOREIGN KEY constraints from other tables that reference the table. Foreign key constraints between columns of the same table are permitted.

  • Truncation operations do not return a meaningful value for the number of deleted rows. The usual result is 0 rows affected, which should be interpreted as no information.

  • As long as the table definition is valid, the table can be re-created as an empty table with TRUNCATE TABLE, even if the data or index files have become corrupted.

  • Any AUTO_INCREMENT value is reset to its start value. This is true even for MyISAM and InnoDB, which normally do not reuse sequence values.

  • When used with partitioned tables, TRUNCATE TABLE preserves the partitioning; that is, the data and index files are dropped and re-created, while the partition definitions are unaffected.

  • The TRUNCATE TABLE statement does not invoke ON DELETE triggers.

  • Truncating a corrupted InnoDB table is supported.

TRUNCATE TABLE for a table closes all handlers for the table that were opened with HANDLER OPEN.

TRUNCATE TABLE is treated for purposes of binary logging and replication as DROP TABLE followed by CREATE TABLE—that is, as DDL rather than DML. This is due to the fact that, when using InnoDB and other transactional storage engines where the transaction isolation level does not permit statement-based logging (READ COMMITTED or READ UNCOMMITTED), the statement was not logged and replicated when using STATEMENT or MIXED logging mode. (Bug #36763) However, it is still applied on replication slaves using InnoDB in the manner described previously.

In MySQL 5.7 and earlier, on a system with a large buffer pool and innodb_adaptive_hash_index enabled, a TRUNCATE TABLE operation could cause a temporary drop in system performance due to an LRU scan that occurred when removing the table's adaptive hash index entries (Bug #68184). The remapping of TRUNCATE TABLE to DROP TABLE and CREATE TABLE in MySQL 8.0 avoids the problematic LRU scan.

TRUNCATE TABLE can be used with Performance Schema summary tables, but the effect is to reset the summary columns to 0 or NULL, not to remove rows. See Section 26.12.17, “Performance Schema Summary Tables”.