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13.4.1.2 RESET MASTER Syntax

RESET MASTER [TO binary_log_file_index_number]

RESET MASTER enables you to delete any binary log files and their related binary log index file, returning the master to its state before binary logging was started. RESET MASTER requires the RELOAD privilege.

Warning

Use this statement with caution to ensure you do not lose binary log file data.

Issuing RESET MASTER without the optional TO clause deletes all binary log files listed in the index file, resets the binary log index file to be empty, and creates a new binary log file starting at 1. Use the optional TO clause to start the binary log file index from a number other than 1 after the reset. Issuing RESET MASTER also clears the values of the gtid_purged system variable and the gtid_executed system variable; that is, issuing this statement sets each of these values to an empty string (''). This statement also clears the mysql.gtid_executed table (see mysql.gtid_executed Table).

Using RESET MASTER with the TO clause to specify a binary log file index number to start from simplifies failover by providing a single statement alternative to the FLUSH BINARY LOGS and PURGE BINARY LOGS TO statements. Check that you are using a reasonable value for the index number. If you enter an incorrect value, you can correct this by issuing another RESET MASTER statement with or without the TO clause. If you do not correct a value that is out of range, the server cannot be restarted.

The following example demonstrates TO clause usage:

RESET MASTER TO 1234;

SHOW BINARY LOGS;
+-------------------+-----------+-----------+
| Log_name          | File_size | Encrypted |
+-------------------+-----------+-----------+
| master-bin.001234 |       154 | No        |
+-------------------+-----------+-----------+
Important

The effects of RESET MASTER without the TO clause differ from those of PURGE BINARY LOGS in 2 key ways:

  1. RESET MASTER removes all binary log files that are listed in the index file, leaving only a single, empty binary log file with a numeric suffix of .000001, whereas the numbering is not reset by PURGE BINARY LOGS.

  2. RESET MASTER is not intended to be used while any replication slaves are running. The behavior of RESET MASTER when used while slaves are running is undefined (and thus unsupported), whereas PURGE BINARY LOGS may be safely used while replication slaves are running.

See also Section 13.4.1.1, “PURGE BINARY LOGS Syntax”.

RESET MASTER without the TO clause can prove useful when you first set up the master and the slave, so that you can verify the setup as follows:

  1. Start the master and slave, and start replication (see Section 17.1.2, “Setting Up Binary Log File Position Based Replication”).

  2. Execute a few test queries on the master.

  3. Check that the queries were replicated to the slave.

  4. When replication is running correctly, issue STOP SLAVE followed by RESET SLAVE on the slave, then verify that no unwanted data from the test queries exists on the slave.

  5. Issue RESET MASTER on the master to clean up the test queries.

After verifying the setup, resetting the master and slave and ensuring that no unwanted data or binary log files generated by testing remain on the master or slave, you can start the slave and begin replicating.