DROP [TEMPORARY] TABLE [IF EXISTS] tbl_name [, tbl_name] ... [RESTRICT | CASCADE]
DROP TABLE removes one or more
tables. You must have the
privilege for each table.
Be careful with this statement! For each table, it removes the table definition and all table data. If the table is partitioned, the statement removes the table definition, all its partitions, all data stored in those partitions, and all partition definitions associated with the dropped table.
Dropping a table also drops any triggers for the table.
DROP TABLE causes an implicit
commit, except when used with the
keyword. See Section 13.3.3, “Statements That Cause an Implicit Commit”.
When a table is dropped, privileges granted specifically for the table are not automatically dropped. They must be dropped manually. See Section 18.104.22.168, “GRANT Statement”.
If any tables named in the argument list do not exist,
DROP TABLE behavior depends on
IF EXISTS clause is given:
IF EXISTS, the statement fails with an error indicating which nonexisting tables it was unable to drop, and no changes are made.
IF EXISTS, no error occurs for nonexisting tables. The statement drops all named tables that do exist, and generates a
NOTEdiagnostic for each nonexistent table. These notes can be displayed with
SHOW WARNINGS. See Section 22.214.171.124, “SHOW WARNINGS Statement”.
IF EXISTS can also be useful for dropping
tables in unusual circumstances under which there is an entry in
the data dictionary but no table managed by the storage engine.
(For example, if an abnormal server exit occurs after removal of
the table from the storage engine but before removal of the data
TEMPORARY keyword has the following
The statement drops only
The statement does not cause an implicit commit.
No access rights are checked. A
TEMPORARYtable is visible only with the session that created it, so no check is necessary.
TEMPORARY keyword is a good way
to prevent accidentally dropping non-
keywords do nothing. They are permitted to make porting easier
from other database systems.
DROP TABLE is not supported with
settings. See Section 15.21.3, “Forcing InnoDB Recovery”.