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MySQL 8.4 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  DROP DATABASE Statement

15.1.24 DROP DATABASE Statement


DROP DATABASE drops all tables in the database and deletes the database. Be very careful with this statement! To use DROP DATABASE, you need the DROP privilege on the database. DROP SCHEMA is a synonym for DROP DATABASE.


When a database is dropped, privileges granted specifically for the database are not automatically dropped. They must be dropped manually. See Section, “GRANT Statement”.

IF EXISTS is used to prevent an error from occurring if the database does not exist.

If the default database is dropped, the default database is unset (the DATABASE() function returns NULL).

If you use DROP DATABASE on a symbolically linked database, both the link and the original database are deleted.

DROP DATABASE returns the number of tables that were removed.

The DROP DATABASE statement removes from the given database directory those files and directories that MySQL itself may create during normal operation. This includes all files with the extensions shown in the following list:

  • .BAK

  • .DAT

  • .HSH

  • .MRG

  • .MYD

  • .MYI

  • .cfg

  • .db

  • .ibd

  • .ndb

If other files or directories remain in the database directory after MySQL removes those just listed, the database directory cannot be removed. In this case, you must remove any remaining files or directories manually and issue the DROP DATABASE statement again.

Dropping a database does not remove any TEMPORARY tables that were created in that database. TEMPORARY tables are automatically removed when the session that created them ends. See Section, “CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE Statement”.

You can also drop databases with mysqladmin. See Section 6.5.2, “mysqladmin — A MySQL Server Administration Program”.