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MySQL 8.4 Reference Manual  /  Stored Objects

Chapter 27 Stored Objects

This chapter discusses stored database objects that are defined in terms of SQL code that is stored on the server for later execution.

Stored objects include these object types:

  • Stored procedure: An object created with CREATE PROCEDURE and invoked using the CALL statement. A procedure does not have a return value but can modify its parameters for later inspection by the caller. It can also generate result sets to be returned to the client program.

  • Stored function: An object created with CREATE FUNCTION and used much like a built-in function. You invoke it in an expression and it returns a value during expression evaluation.

  • Trigger: An object created with CREATE TRIGGER that is associated with a table. A trigger is activated when a particular event occurs for the table, such as an insert or update.

  • Event: An object created with CREATE EVENT and invoked by the server according to schedule.

  • View: An object created with CREATE VIEW that when referenced produces a result set. A view acts as a virtual table.

Terminology used in this document reflects the stored object hierarchy:

  • Stored routines include stored procedures and functions.

  • Stored programs include stored routines, triggers, and events.

  • Stored objects include stored programs and views.

This chapter describes how to use stored objects. The following sections provide additional information about SQL syntax for statements related to these objects, and about object processing: