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MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  Retrieving InnoDB Tablespace Metadata from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES

15.14.8 Retrieving InnoDB Tablespace Metadata from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES

The INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES table provides metadata about all InnoDB tablespace types including file-per-table tablespaces, general tablespaces, the system tablespace, temporary table tablespaces, and undo tablespaces (if present).

This section provides InnoDB-specific usage examples. For more information about data provided by the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES table, see Section 24.10, “The INFORMATION_SCHEMA FILES Table”.

Note

The INNODB_TABLESPACES and INNODB_DATAFILES tables also provide metadata about InnoDB tablespaces, but data is limited to file-per-table and general tablespaces.

This query retrieves metadata about the InnoDB system tablespace from fields of the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES table that are pertinent to InnoDB tablespaces. INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES fields that are not relevant to InnoDB always return NULL, and are excluded from the query.

mysql> SELECT FILE_ID, FILE_NAME, FILE_TYPE, TABLESPACE_NAME, FREE_EXTENTS,
       TOTAL_EXTENTS,  EXTENT_SIZE, INITIAL_SIZE, MAXIMUM_SIZE, AUTOEXTEND_SIZE, DATA_FREE, STATUS ENGINE
       FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES WHERE TABLESPACE_NAME LIKE 'innodb_system' \G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
        FILE_ID: 0
      FILE_NAME: ./ibdata1
      FILE_TYPE: TABLESPACE
TABLESPACE_NAME: innodb_system
   FREE_EXTENTS: 0
  TOTAL_EXTENTS: 12
    EXTENT_SIZE: 1048576
   INITIAL_SIZE: 12582912
   MAXIMUM_SIZE: NULL
AUTOEXTEND_SIZE: 67108864
      DATA_FREE: 4194304
         ENGINE: NORMAL

This query retrieves the FILE_ID (equivalent to the space ID) and the FILE_NAME (which includes path information) for InnoDB file-per-table and general tablespaces. File-per-table and general tablespaces have a .ibd file extension.

mysql> SELECT FILE_ID, FILE_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES
       WHERE FILE_NAME LIKE '%.ibd%' ORDER BY FILE_ID;
    +---------+---------------------------------------+
    | FILE_ID | FILE_NAME                             |
    +---------+---------------------------------------+
    |       2 | ./mysql/plugin.ibd                    |
    |       3 | ./mysql/servers.ibd                   |
    |       4 | ./mysql/help_topic.ibd                |
    |       5 | ./mysql/help_category.ibd             |
    |       6 | ./mysql/help_relation.ibd             |
    |       7 | ./mysql/help_keyword.ibd              |
    |       8 | ./mysql/time_zone_name.ibd            |
    |       9 | ./mysql/time_zone.ibd                 |
    |      10 | ./mysql/time_zone_transition.ibd      |
    |      11 | ./mysql/time_zone_transition_type.ibd |
    |      12 | ./mysql/time_zone_leap_second.ibd     |
    |      13 | ./mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd        |
    |      14 | ./mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd        |
    |      15 | ./mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd      |
    |      16 | ./mysql/slave_master_info.ibd         |
    |      17 | ./mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd         |
    |      18 | ./mysql/gtid_executed.ibd             |
    |      19 | ./mysql/server_cost.ibd               |
    |      20 | ./mysql/engine_cost.ibd               |
    |      21 | ./sys/sys_config.ibd                  |
    |      23 | ./test/t1.ibd                         |
    |      26 | /home/user/test/test/t2.ibd           |
    +---------+---------------------------------------+

This query retrieves the FILE_ID and FILE_NAME for the InnoDB global temporary tablespace. Global temporary tablespace file names are prefixed by ibtmp.

mysql> SELECT FILE_ID, FILE_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES
       WHERE FILE_NAME LIKE '%ibtmp%';
+---------+-----------+
| FILE_ID | FILE_NAME |
+---------+-----------+
|      22 | ./ibtmp1  |
+---------+-----------+

Similarly, InnoDB undo tablespace file names are prefixed by undo. The following query returns the FILE_ID and FILE_NAME for InnoDB undo tablespaces.

mysql> SELECT FILE_ID, FILE_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES
       WHERE FILE_NAME LIKE '%undo%';

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