InnoDB implements a
checkpoint mechanism known
InnoDB flushes modified
database pages from the buffer pool in small batches. There is no
need to flush the buffer pool in one single batch, which would
disrupt processing of user SQL statements during the checkpointing
During crash recovery,
InnoDB looks for a checkpoint label written to
the log files. It knows that all modifications to the database
before the label are present in the disk image of the database.
InnoDB scans the log files forward from
the checkpoint, applying the logged modifications to the database.