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MySQL 8.4 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  Limits Associated with Database Objects in NDB Cluster Limits Associated with Database Objects in NDB Cluster

Some database objects such as tables and indexes have different limitations when using the NDBCLUSTER storage engine:

  • Number of database objects.  The maximum number of all NDB database objects in a single NDB Cluster—including databases, tables, and indexes—is limited to 20320.

  • Attributes per table.  The maximum number of attributes (that is, columns and indexes) that can belong to a given table is 512.

  • Attributes per key.  The maximum number of attributes per key is 32.

  • Row size.  The maximum permitted size of any one row is 30000 bytes.

    Each BLOB or TEXT column contributes 256 + 8 = 264 bytes to this total; this includes JSON columns. See String Type Storage Requirements, as well as JSON Storage Requirements, for more information relating to these types.

    In addition, the maximum offset for a fixed-width column of an NDB table is 8188 bytes; attempting to create a table that violates this limitation fails with NDB error 851 Maximum offset for fixed-size columns exceeded. For memory-based columns, you can work around this limitation by using a variable-width column type such as VARCHAR or defining the column as COLUMN_FORMAT=DYNAMIC; this does not work with columns stored on disk. For disk-based columns, you may be able to do so by reordering one or more of the table's disk-based columns such that the combined width of all but the disk-based column defined last in the CREATE TABLE statement used to create the table does not exceed 8188 bytes, less any possible rounding performed for some data types such as CHAR or VARCHAR; otherwise it is necessary to use memory-based storage for one or more of the offending column or columns instead.

  • BIT column storage per table.  The maximum combined width for all BIT columns used in a given NDB table is 4096.

  • FIXED column storage.  NDB Cluster supports a maximum of 128 TB per fragment of data in FIXED columns.