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MySQL 8.4 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  Limits and Differences of NDB Cluster from Standard MySQL Limits Limits and Differences of NDB Cluster from Standard MySQL Limits

In this section, we list limits found in NDB Cluster that either differ from limits found in, or that are not found in, standard MySQL.

Memory usage and recovery.  Memory consumed when data is inserted into an NDB table is not automatically recovered when deleted, as it is with other storage engines. Instead, the following rules hold true:

  • A DELETE statement on an NDB table makes the memory formerly used by the deleted rows available for re-use by inserts on the same table only. However, this memory can be made available for general re-use by performing OPTIMIZE TABLE.

    A rolling restart of the cluster also frees any memory used by deleted rows. See Section 25.6.5, “Performing a Rolling Restart of an NDB Cluster”.

  • A DROP TABLE or TRUNCATE TABLE operation on an NDB table frees the memory that was used by this table for re-use by any NDB table, either by the same table or by another NDB table.


    Recall that TRUNCATE TABLE drops and re-creates the table. See Section 15.1.37, “TRUNCATE TABLE Statement”.

  • Limits imposed by the cluster's configuration.  A number of hard limits exist which are configurable, but available main memory in the cluster sets limits. See the complete list of configuration parameters in Section 25.4.3, “NDB Cluster Configuration Files”. Most configuration parameters can be upgraded online. These hard limits include:

  • Node and data object maximums.  The following limits apply to numbers of cluster nodes and metadata objects:

    • The maximum number of data nodes is 144. (In NDB 7.6 and earlier, this was 48.)

      A data node must have a node ID in the range of 1 to 144, inclusive.

      Management and API nodes may use node IDs in the range 1 to 255, inclusive.

    • The total maximum number of nodes in an NDB Cluster is 255. This number includes all SQL nodes (MySQL Servers), API nodes (applications accessing the cluster other than MySQL servers), data nodes, and management servers.

    • The maximum number of metadata objects in current versions of NDB Cluster is 20320. This limit is hard-coded.

    See Section, “Previous NDB Cluster Issues Resolved in NDB Cluster 8.4”, for more information.