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Excerpts from this Manual

5.1.10 Server SQL Modes

The MySQL server can operate in different SQL modes, and can apply these modes differently for different clients, depending on the value of the sql_mode system variable. DBAs can set the global SQL mode to match site server operating requirements, and each application can set its session SQL mode to its own requirements.

Modes affect the SQL syntax MySQL supports and the data validation checks it performs. This makes it easier to use MySQL in different environments and to use MySQL together with other database servers.

For answers to questions often asked about server SQL modes in MySQL, see Section A.3, “MySQL 8.0 FAQ: Server SQL Mode”.

When working with InnoDB tables, consider also the innodb_strict_mode system variable. It enables additional error checks for InnoDB tables.

Setting the SQL Mode

The default SQL mode in MySQL 8.0 includes these modes: ONLY_FULL_GROUP_BY, STRICT_TRANS_TABLES, NO_ZERO_IN_DATE, NO_ZERO_DATE, ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO, and NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION.

To set the SQL mode at server startup, use the --sql-mode="modes" option on the command line, or sql-mode="modes" in an option file such as my.cnf (Unix operating systems) or my.ini (Windows). modes is a list of different modes separated by commas. To clear the SQL mode explicitly, set it to an empty string using --sql-mode="" on the command line, or sql-mode="" in an option file.

Note

MySQL installation programs may configure the SQL mode during the installation process.

If the SQL mode differs from the default or from what you expect, check for a setting in an option file that the server reads at startup.

To change the SQL mode at runtime, set the global or session sql_mode system variable using a SET statement:

SET GLOBAL sql_mode = 'modes';
SET SESSION sql_mode = 'modes';

Setting the GLOBAL variable requires the SYSTEM_VARIABLES_ADMIN or SUPER privilege and affects the operation of all clients that connect from that time on. Setting the SESSION variable affects only the current client. Each client can change its session sql_mode value at any time.

To determine the current global or session sql_mode setting, select its value:

SELECT @@GLOBAL.sql_mode;
SELECT @@SESSION.sql_mode;
Important

SQL mode and user-defined partitioning.  Changing the server SQL mode after creating and inserting data into partitioned tables can cause major changes in the behavior of such tables, and could lead to loss or corruption of data. It is strongly recommended that you never change the SQL mode once you have created tables employing user-defined partitioning.

When replicating partitioned tables, differing SQL modes on the master and slave can also lead to problems. For best results, you should always use the same server SQL mode on the master and slave.

For more information, see Section 21.6, “Restrictions and Limitations on Partitioning”.

The Most Important SQL Modes

The most important sql_mode values are probably these:

  • ANSI

    This mode changes syntax and behavior to conform more closely to standard SQL. It is one of the special combination modes listed at the end of this section.

  • STRICT_TRANS_TABLES

    If a value could not be inserted as given into a transactional table, abort the statement. For a nontransactional table, abort the statement if the value occurs in a single-row statement or the first row of a multiple-row statement. More details are given later in this section.

  • TRADITIONAL

    Make MySQL behave like a traditional SQL database system. A simple description of this mode is give an error instead of a warning when inserting an incorrect value into a column. It is one of the special combination modes listed at the end of this section.

    Note

    With TRADITIONAL mode enabled, an INSERT or UPDATE aborts as soon as an error occurs. If you are using a nontransactional storage engine, this may not be what you want because data changes made prior to the error may not be rolled back, resulting in a partially done update.

When this manual refers to strict mode, it means a mode with either or both STRICT_TRANS_TABLES or STRICT_ALL_TABLES enabled.

Full List of SQL Modes

The following list describes all supported SQL modes:

  • ALLOW_INVALID_DATES

    Do not perform full checking of dates. Check only that the month is in the range from 1 to 12 and the day is in the range from 1 to 31. This may be useful for Web applications that obtain year, month, and day in three different fields and store exactly what the user inserted, without date validation. This mode applies to DATE and DATETIME columns. It does not apply TIMESTAMP columns, which always require a valid date.

    With ALLOW_INVALID_DATES enabled, the server requires that month and day values be legal, and not merely in the range 1 to 12 and 1 to 31, respectively. With strict mode disabled, invalid dates such as '2004-04-31' are converted to '0000-00-00' and a warning is generated. With strict mode enabled, invalid dates generate an error. To permit such dates, enable ALLOW_INVALID_DATES.

  • ANSI_QUOTES

    Treat " as an identifier quote character (like the ` quote character) and not as a string quote character. You can still use ` to quote identifiers with this mode enabled. With ANSI_QUOTES enabled, you cannot use double quotation marks to quote literal strings because they are interpreted as identifiers.

  • ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO

    The ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO mode affects handling of division by zero, which includes MOD(N,0). For data-change operations (INSERT, UPDATE), its effect also depends on whether strict SQL mode is enabled.

    • If this mode is not enabled, division by zero inserts NULL and produces no warning.

    • If this mode is enabled, division by zero inserts NULL and produces a warning.

    • If this mode and strict mode are enabled, division by zero produces an error, unless IGNORE is given as well. For INSERT IGNORE and UPDATE IGNORE, division by zero inserts NULL and produces a warning.

    For SELECT, division by zero returns NULL. Enabling ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO causes a warning to be produced as well, regardless of whether strict mode is enabled.

    ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO is deprecated. ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO is not part of strict mode, but should be used in conjunction with strict mode and is enabled by default. A warning occurs if ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO is enabled without also enabling strict mode or vice versa.

    Because ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO is deprecated, it will be removed in a future MySQL release as a separate mode name and its effect included in the effects of strict SQL mode.

  • HIGH_NOT_PRECEDENCE

    The precedence of the NOT operator is such that expressions such as NOT a BETWEEN b AND c are parsed as NOT (a BETWEEN b AND c). In some older versions of MySQL, the expression was parsed as (NOT a) BETWEEN b AND c. The old higher-precedence behavior can be obtained by enabling the HIGH_NOT_PRECEDENCE SQL mode.

    mysql> SET sql_mode = '';
    mysql> SELECT NOT 1 BETWEEN -5 AND 5;
            -> 0
    mysql> SET sql_mode = 'HIGH_NOT_PRECEDENCE';
    mysql> SELECT NOT 1 BETWEEN -5 AND 5;
            -> 1
  • IGNORE_SPACE

    Permit spaces between a function name and the ( character. This causes built-in function names to be treated as reserved words. As a result, identifiers that are the same as function names must be quoted as described in Section 9.2, “Schema Object Names”. For example, because there is a COUNT() function, the use of count as a table name in the following statement causes an error:

    mysql> CREATE TABLE count (i INT);
    ERROR 1064 (42000): You have an error in your SQL syntax

    The table name should be quoted:

    mysql> CREATE TABLE `count` (i INT);
    Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

    The IGNORE_SPACE SQL mode applies to built-in functions, not to user-defined functions or stored functions. It is always permissible to have spaces after a UDF or stored function name, regardless of whether IGNORE_SPACE is enabled.

    For further discussion of IGNORE_SPACE, see Section 9.2.4, “Function Name Parsing and Resolution”.

  • NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO

    NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO affects handling of AUTO_INCREMENT columns. Normally, you generate the next sequence number for the column by inserting either NULL or 0 into it. NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO suppresses this behavior for 0 so that only NULL generates the next sequence number.

    This mode can be useful if 0 has been stored in a table's AUTO_INCREMENT column. (Storing 0 is not a recommended practice, by the way.) For example, if you dump the table with mysqldump and then reload it, MySQL normally generates new sequence numbers when it encounters the 0 values, resulting in a table with contents different from the one that was dumped. Enabling NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO before reloading the dump file solves this problem. For this reason, mysqldump automatically includes in its output a statement that enables NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO.

  • NO_BACKSLASH_ESCAPES

    Disable the use of the backslash character (\) as an escape character within strings. With this mode enabled, backslash becomes an ordinary character like any other.

  • NO_DIR_IN_CREATE

    When creating a table, ignore all INDEX DIRECTORY and DATA DIRECTORY directives. This option is useful on slave replication servers.

  • NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION

    Control automatic substitution of the default storage engine when a statement such as CREATE TABLE or ALTER TABLE specifies a storage engine that is disabled or not compiled in.

    By default, NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION is enabled.

    Because storage engines can be pluggable at runtime, unavailable engines are treated the same way:

    With NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION disabled, for CREATE TABLE the default engine is used and a warning occurs if the desired engine is unavailable. For ALTER TABLE, a warning occurs and the table is not altered.

    With NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION enabled, an error occurs and the table is not created or altered if the desired engine is unavailable.

  • NO_UNSIGNED_SUBTRACTION

    Subtraction between integer values, where one is of type UNSIGNED, produces an unsigned result by default. If the result would otherwise have been negative, an error results:

    mysql> SET sql_mode = '';
    Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
    
    mysql> SELECT CAST(0 AS UNSIGNED) - 1;
    ERROR 1690 (22003): BIGINT UNSIGNED value is out of range in '(cast(0 as unsigned) - 1)'

    If the NO_UNSIGNED_SUBTRACTION SQL mode is enabled, the result is negative:

    mysql> SET sql_mode = 'NO_UNSIGNED_SUBTRACTION';
    mysql> SELECT CAST(0 AS UNSIGNED) - 1;
    +-------------------------+
    | CAST(0 AS UNSIGNED) - 1 |
    +-------------------------+
    |                      -1 |
    +-------------------------+

    If the result of such an operation is used to update an UNSIGNED integer column, the result is clipped to the maximum value for the column type, or clipped to 0 if NO_UNSIGNED_SUBTRACTION is enabled. With strict SQL mode enabled, an error occurs and the column remains unchanged.

    When NO_UNSIGNED_SUBTRACTION is enabled, the subtraction result is signed, even if any operand is unsigned. For example, compare the type of column c2 in table t1 with that of column c2 in table t2:

    mysql> SET sql_mode='';
    mysql> CREATE TABLE test (c1 BIGINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL);
    mysql> CREATE TABLE t1 SELECT c1 - 1 AS c2 FROM test;
    mysql> DESCRIBE t1;
    +-------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
    | Field | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
    +-------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
    | c2    | bigint(21) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
    +-------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
    
    mysql> SET sql_mode='NO_UNSIGNED_SUBTRACTION';
    mysql> CREATE TABLE t2 SELECT c1 - 1 AS c2 FROM test;
    mysql> DESCRIBE t2;
    +-------+------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
    | Field | Type       | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
    +-------+------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
    | c2    | bigint(21) | NO   |     | 0       |       |
    +-------+------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

    This means that BIGINT UNSIGNED is not 100% usable in all contexts. See Section 12.10, “Cast Functions and Operators”.

  • NO_ZERO_DATE

    The NO_ZERO_DATE mode affects whether the server permits '0000-00-00' as a valid date. Its effect also depends on whether strict SQL mode is enabled.

    • If this mode is not enabled, '0000-00-00' is permitted and inserts produce no warning.

    • If this mode is enabled, '0000-00-00' is permitted and inserts produce a warning.

    • If this mode and strict mode are enabled, '0000-00-00' is not permitted and inserts produce an error, unless IGNORE is given as well. For INSERT IGNORE and UPDATE IGNORE, '0000-00-00' is permitted and inserts produce a warning.

    NO_ZERO_DATE is deprecated. NO_ZERO_DATE is not part of strict mode, but should be used in conjunction with strict mode and is enabled by default. A warning occurs if NO_ZERO_DATE is enabled without also enabling strict mode or vice versa.

    Because NO_ZERO_DATE is deprecated, it will be removed in a future MySQL release as a separate mode name and its effect included in the effects of strict SQL mode.

  • NO_ZERO_IN_DATE

    The NO_ZERO_IN_DATE mode affects whether the server permits dates in which the year part is nonzero but the month or day part is 0. (This mode affects dates such as '2010-00-01' or '2010-01-00', but not '0000-00-00'. To control whether the server permits '0000-00-00', use the NO_ZERO_DATE mode.) The effect of NO_ZERO_IN_DATE also depends on whether strict SQL mode is enabled.

    • If this mode is not enabled, dates with zero parts are permitted and inserts produce no warning.

    • If this mode is enabled, dates with zero parts are inserted as '0000-00-00' and produce a warning.

    • If this mode and strict mode are enabled, dates with zero parts are not permitted and inserts produce an error, unless IGNORE is given as well. For INSERT IGNORE and UPDATE IGNORE, dates with zero parts are inserted as '0000-00-00' and produce a warning.

    NO_ZERO_IN_DATE is deprecated. NO_ZERO_IN_DATE is not part of strict mode, but should be used in conjunction with strict mode and is enabled by default. A warning occurs if NO_ZERO_IN_DATE is enabled without also enabling strict mode or vice versa.

    Because NO_ZERO_IN_DATE is deprecated, it will be removed in a future MySQL release as a separate mode name and its effect included in the effects of strict SQL mode.

  • ONLY_FULL_GROUP_BY

    Reject queries for which the select list, HAVING condition, or ORDER BY list refer to nonaggregated columns that are neither named in the GROUP BY clause nor are functionally dependent on (uniquely determined by) GROUP BY columns.

    A MySQL extension to standard SQL permits references in the HAVING clause to aliased expressions in the select list. The HAVING clause can refer to aliases regardless of whether ONLY_FULL_GROUP_BY is enabled.

    For additional discussion and examples, see Section 12.19.3, “MySQL Handling of GROUP BY”.

  • PAD_CHAR_TO_FULL_LENGTH

    By default, trailing spaces are trimmed from CHAR column values on retrieval. If PAD_CHAR_TO_FULL_LENGTH is enabled, trimming does not occur and retrieved CHAR values are padded to their full length. This mode does not apply to VARCHAR columns, for which trailing spaces are retained on retrieval.

    mysql> CREATE TABLE t1 (c1 CHAR(10));
    Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.37 sec)
    
    mysql> INSERT INTO t1 (c1) VALUES('xy');
    Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)
    
    mysql> SET sql_mode = '';
    Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
    
    mysql> SELECT c1, CHAR_LENGTH(c1) FROM t1;
    +------+-----------------+
    | c1   | CHAR_LENGTH(c1) |
    +------+-----------------+
    | xy   |               2 |
    +------+-----------------+
    1 row in set (0.00 sec)
    
    mysql> SET sql_mode = 'PAD_CHAR_TO_FULL_LENGTH';
    Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
    
    mysql> SELECT c1, CHAR_LENGTH(c1) FROM t1;
    +------------+-----------------+
    | c1         | CHAR_LENGTH(c1) |
    +------------+-----------------+
    | xy         |              10 |
    +------------+-----------------+
    1 row in set (0.00 sec)
  • PIPES_AS_CONCAT

    Treat || as a string concatenation operator (same as CONCAT()) rather than as a synonym for OR.

  • REAL_AS_FLOAT

    Treat REAL as a synonym for FLOAT. By default, MySQL treats REAL as a synonym for DOUBLE.

  • STRICT_ALL_TABLES

    Enable strict SQL mode for all storage engines. Invalid data values are rejected. For details, see Strict SQL Mode.

  • STRICT_TRANS_TABLES

    Enable strict SQL mode for transactional storage engines, and when possible for nontransactional storage engines. For details, see Strict SQL Mode.

  • TIME_TRUNCATE_FRACTIONAL

    Control whether rounding or truncation occurs when inserting a TIME, DATE, or TIMESTAMP value with a fractional seconds part into a column having the same type but fewer fractional digits. The behavior is to use rounding. If this mode is enabled, truncation occurs instead. The following sequence of statements illustrates the difference:

    CREATE TABLE t (id INT, tval TIME(1));
    SET sql_mode='';
    INSERT INTO t (id, tval) VALUES(1, 1.55);
    SET sql_mode='TIME_TRUNCATE_FRACTIONAL';
    INSERT INTO t (id, tval) VALUES(2, 1.55);

    The resulting table contents look like this, where the first value has been subject to rounding and the second to truncation:

    mysql> SELECT id, tval FROM t ORDER BY id;
    +------+------------+
    | id   | tval       |
    +------+------------+
    |    1 | 00:00:01.6 |
    |    2 | 00:00:01.5 |
    +------+------------+

Combination SQL Modes

The following special modes are provided as shorthand for combinations of mode values from the preceding list.

Strict SQL Mode

Strict mode controls how MySQL handles invalid or missing values in data-change statements such as INSERT or UPDATE. A value can be invalid for several reasons. For example, it might have the wrong data type for the column, or it might be out of range. A value is missing when a new row to be inserted does not contain a value for a non-NULL column that has no explicit DEFAULT clause in its definition. (For a NULL column, NULL is inserted if the value is missing.) Strict mode also affects DDL statements such as CREATE TABLE.

If strict mode is not in effect, MySQL inserts adjusted values for invalid or missing values and produces warnings (see Section 13.7.6.40, “SHOW WARNINGS Syntax”). In strict mode, you can produce this behavior by using INSERT IGNORE or UPDATE IGNORE.

For statements such as SELECT that do not change data, invalid values generate a warning in strict mode, not an error.

Strict mode produces an error for attempts to create a key that exceeds the maximum key length. When strict mode is not enabled, this results in a warning and truncation of the key to the maximum key length.

Strict mode does not affect whether foreign key constraints are checked. foreign_key_checks can be used for that. (See Section 5.1.7, “Server System Variables”.)

Strict SQL mode is in effect if either STRICT_ALL_TABLES or STRICT_TRANS_TABLES is enabled, although the effects of these modes differ somewhat:

  • For transactional tables, an error occurs for invalid or missing values in a data-change statement when either STRICT_ALL_TABLES or STRICT_TRANS_TABLES is enabled. The statement is aborted and rolled back.

  • For nontransactional tables, the behavior is the same for either mode if the bad value occurs in the first row to be inserted or updated: The statement is aborted and the table remains unchanged. If the statement inserts or modifies multiple rows and the bad value occurs in the second or later row, the result depends on which strict mode is enabled:

    • For STRICT_ALL_TABLES, MySQL returns an error and ignores the rest of the rows. However, because the earlier rows have been inserted or updated, the result is a partial update. To avoid this, use single-row statements, which can be aborted without changing the table.

    • For STRICT_TRANS_TABLES, MySQL converts an invalid value to the closest valid value for the column and inserts the adjusted value. If a value is missing, MySQL inserts the implicit default value for the column data type. In either case, MySQL generates a warning rather than an error and continues processing the statement. Implicit defaults are described in Section 11.7, “Data Type Default Values”.

Strict mode affects handling of division by zero, zero dates, and zeros in dates as follows:

  • Strict mode affects handling of division by zero, which includes MOD(N,0):

    For data-change operations (INSERT, UPDATE):

    • If strict mode is not enabled, division by zero inserts NULL and produces no warning.

    • If strict mode is enabled, division by zero produces an error, unless IGNORE is given as well. For INSERT IGNORE and UPDATE IGNORE, division by zero inserts NULL and produces a warning.

    For SELECT, division by zero returns NULL. Enabling strict mode causes a warning to be produced as well.

  • Strict mode affects whether the server permits '0000-00-00' as a valid date:

    • If strict mode is not enabled, '0000-00-00' is permitted and inserts produce no warning.

    • If strict mode is enabled, '0000-00-00' is not permitted and inserts produce an error, unless IGNORE is given as well. For INSERT IGNORE and UPDATE IGNORE, '0000-00-00' is permitted and inserts produce a warning.

  • Strict mode affects whether the server permits dates in which the year part is nonzero but the month or day part is 0 (dates such as '2010-00-01' or '2010-01-00'):

    • If strict mode is not enabled, dates with zero parts are permitted and inserts produce no warning.

    • If strict mode is enabled, dates with zero parts are not permitted and inserts produce an error, unless IGNORE is given as well. For INSERT IGNORE and UPDATE IGNORE, dates with zero parts are inserted as '0000-00-00' (which is considered valid with IGNORE) and produce a warning.

For more information about strict mode with respect to IGNORE, see Comparison of the IGNORE Keyword and Strict SQL Mode.

Strict mode affects handling of division by zero, zero dates, and zeros in dates in conjunction with the ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO, NO_ZERO_DATE, and NO_ZERO_IN_DATE modes.

Comparison of the IGNORE Keyword and Strict SQL Mode

This section compares the effect on statement execution of the IGNORE keyword (which downgrades errors to warnings) and strict SQL mode (which upgrades warnings to errors). It describes which statements they affect, and which errors they apply to.

The following table presents a summary comparison of statement behavior when the default is to produce an error versus a warning. An example of when the default is to produce an error is inserting a NULL into a NOT NULL column. An example of when the default is to produce a warning is inserting a value of the wrong data type into a column (such as inserting the string 'abc' into an integer column).

Operational Mode When Statement Default is Error When Statement Default is Warning
Without IGNORE or strict SQL mode Error Warning
With IGNORE Warning Warning (same as without IGNORE or strict SQL mode)
With strict SQL mode Error (same as without IGNORE or strict SQL mode) Error
With IGNORE and strict SQL mode Warning Warning

One conclusion to draw from the table is that when the IGNORE keyword and strict SQL mode are both in effect, IGNORE takes precedence. This means that, although IGNORE and strict SQL mode can be considered to have opposite effects on error handling, they do not cancel when used together.

The Effect of IGNORE on Statement Execution

Several statements in MySQL support an optional IGNORE keyword. This keyword causes the server to downgrade certain types of errors and generate warnings instead. For a multiple-row statement, IGNORE causes the statement to skip to the next row instead of aborting.

For example, if the table t has a primary key column i, attempting to insert the same value of i into multiple rows normally produces a duplicate-key error:

mysql> INSERT INTO t (i) VALUES(1),(1);
ERROR 1062 (23000): Duplicate entry '1' for key 'PRIMARY'

With IGNORE, the row containing the duplicate key still is not inserted, but a warning occurs instead of an error:

mysql> INSERT IGNORE INTO t (i) VALUES(1),(1);
Query OK, 1 row affected, 1 warning (0.01 sec)
Records: 2  Duplicates: 1  Warnings: 1

mysql> SHOW WARNINGS;
+---------+------+---------------------------------------+
| Level   | Code | Message                               |
+---------+------+---------------------------------------+
| Warning | 1062 | Duplicate entry '1' for key 'PRIMARY' |
+---------+------+---------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

These statements support the IGNORE keyword:

  • CREATE TABLE ... SELECT: IGNORE does not apply to the CREATE TABLE or SELECT parts of the statement but to inserts into the table of rows produced by the SELECT. Rows that duplicate an existing row on a unique key value are discarded.

  • DELETE: IGNORE causes MySQL to ignore errors during the process of deleting rows.

  • INSERT: With IGNORE, rows that duplicate an existing row on a unique key value are discarded. Rows set to values that would cause data conversion errors are set to the closest valid values instead.

    For partitioned tables where no partition matching a given value is found, IGNORE causes the insert operation to fail silently for rows containing the unmatched value.

  • LOAD DATA, LOAD XML: With IGNORE, rows that duplicate an existing row on a unique key value are discarded.

  • UPDATE: With IGNORE, rows for which duplicate-key conflicts occur on a unique key value are not updated. Rows updated to values that would cause data conversion errors are updated to the closest valid values instead.

The IGNORE keyword applies to the following errors:

ER_BAD_NULL_ERROR
ER_DUP_ENTRY
ER_DUP_ENTRY_WITH_KEY_NAME
ER_DUP_KEY
ER_NO_PARTITION_FOR_GIVEN_VALUE
ER_NO_PARTITION_FOR_GIVEN_VALUE_SILENT
ER_NO_REFERENCED_ROW_2
ER_ROW_DOES_NOT_MATCH_GIVEN_PARTITION_SET
ER_ROW_IS_REFERENCED_2
ER_SUBQUERY_NO_1_ROW
ER_VIEW_CHECK_FAILED
The Effect of Strict SQL Mode on Statement Execution

The MySQL server can operate in different SQL modes, and can apply these modes differently for different clients, depending on the value of the sql_mode system variable. In strict SQL mode, the server upgrades certain warnings to errors.

For example, in non-strict SQL mode, inserting the string 'abc' into an integer column results in conversion of the value to 0 and a warning:

mysql> SET sql_mode = '';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> INSERT INTO t (i) VALUES('abc');
Query OK, 1 row affected, 1 warning (0.01 sec)

mysql> SHOW WARNINGS;
+---------+------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| Level   | Code | Message                                                |
+---------+------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| Warning | 1366 | Incorrect integer value: 'abc' for column 'i' at row 1 |
+---------+------+--------------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

In strict SQL mode, the invalid value is rejected with an error:

mysql> SET sql_mode = 'STRICT_ALL_TABLES';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> INSERT INTO t (i) VALUES('abc');
ERROR 1366 (HY000): Incorrect integer value: 'abc' for column 'i' at row 1

For more information about possible settings of the sql_mode system variable, see Section 5.1.10, “Server SQL Modes”.

Strict SQL mode applies to the following statements under conditions for which some value might be out of range or an invalid row is inserted into or deleted from a table:

Within stored programs, individual statements of the types just listed execute in strict SQL mode if the program was defined while strict mode was in effect.

Strict SQL mode applies to the following errors, represent a class of errors in which an input value is either invalid or missing. A value is invalid if it has the wrong data type for the column or might be out of range. A value is missing if a new row to be inserted does not contain a value for a NOT NULL column that has no explicit DEFAULT clause in its definition.

ER_BAD_NULL_ERROR
ER_CUT_VALUE_GROUP_CONCAT
ER_DATA_TOO_LONG
ER_DATETIME_FUNCTION_OVERFLOW
ER_DIVISION_BY_ZERO
ER_INVALID_ARGUMENT_FOR_LOGARITHM
ER_NO_DEFAULT_FOR_FIELD
ER_NO_DEFAULT_FOR_VIEW_FIELD
ER_TOO_LONG_KEY
ER_TRUNCATED_WRONG_VALUE
ER_TRUNCATED_WRONG_VALUE_FOR_FIELD
ER_WARN_DATA_OUT_OF_RANGE
ER_WARN_NULL_TO_NOTNULL
ER_WARN_TOO_FEW_RECORDS
ER_WRONG_ARGUMENTS
ER_WRONG_VALUE_FOR_TYPE
WARN_DATA_TRUNCATED

User Comments
  Posted by Mehdi Salarkia on October 29, 2014
Just a FYI that by setting NO_BACKSLASH_ESCAPES does not mean that you are skipping the '\' when it is used in LIKE queries.
Make sure to read this note :

Because MySQL uses C escape syntax in strings (for example, “\n” to represent a newline character), you must double any “\” that you use in LIKE strings. For example, to search for “\n”, specify it as “\\n”. To search for “\”, specify it as “\\\\”; this is because the backslashes are stripped once by the parser and again when the pattern match is made, leaving a single backslash to be matched against.

Exception: At the end of the pattern string, backslash can be specified as “\\”. At the end of the string, backslash stands for itself because there is nothing following to escape.

http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/string-comparison-functions.html

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