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MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  Error Log Output Format

5.4.2.9 Error Log Output Format

Each error log sink (writer) component has a characteristic output format it uses to write messages to its destination, but other factors may influence the content of the messages:

For names and descriptions of the fields in error events, see Section 5.4.2.3, “Error Event Fields”. For all log sinks, the thread ID included in error log messages is that of the thread within mysqld responsible for writing the message. This ID indicates which part of the server produced the message, and is consistent with general query log and slow query log messages, which include the connection thread ID.

log_sink_internal Output Format

The internal log sink produces traditional error log output. For example:

2020-08-06T14:25:02.835618Z 0 [Note] [MY-012487] [InnoDB] DDL log recovery : begin
2020-08-06T14:25:02.936146Z 0 [Warning] [MY-010068] [Server] CA certificate /var/mysql/sslinfo/cacert.pem is self signed.
2020-08-06T14:25:02.963127Z 0 [Note] [MY-010253] [Server] IPv6 is available.
2020-08-06T14:25:03.109022Z 5 [Note] [MY-010051] [Server] Event Scheduler: scheduler thread started with id 5

Traditional-format messages have these fields:

time thread [label] [err_code] [subsystem] msg

The [ and ] square bracket characters are literal characters in the message format. They do not indicate that fields are optional.

The label value corresponds to the string form of the prio error event priority field.

The [err_code] and [subsystem] fields were added in MySQL 8.0. They are missing from logs generated by older servers. Log parsers can treat these fields as parts of the message text that is present only for logs written by servers recent enough to include them. Parsers must treat the err_code part of [err_code] indicators as a string value, not a number, because values such as MY-012487 and MY-010051 contain nonnumeric characters.

log_sink_json Output Format

The JSON-format log sink produces messages as JSON objects that contain key-value pairs. For example:

{
  "prio": 3,
  "err_code": 10051,
  "source_line": 561,
  "source_file": "event_scheduler.cc",
  "function": "run",
  "msg": "Event Scheduler: scheduler thread started with id 5",
  "time": "2020-08-06T14:25:03.109022Z",
  "ts": 1596724012005,
  "thread": 5,
  "err_symbol": "ER_SCHEDULER_STARTED",
  "SQL_state": "HY000",
  "subsystem": "Server",
  "buffered": 1596723903109022,
  "label": "Note"
}

The ts (timestamp) key was added in MySQL 8.0.20 and is unique to the JSON-format log sink. The value is an integer indicating milliseconds since the epoch ('1970-01-01 00:00:00' UTC).

The ts and buffered values are Unix timestamp values and can be converted using FROM_UNIXTIME() and an appropriate divisor:

mysql> SET time_zone = '+00:00';
mysql> SELECT FROM_UNIXTIME(1596724012005/1000.0);
+-------------------------------------+
| FROM_UNIXTIME(1596724012005/1000.0) |
+-------------------------------------+
| 2020-08-06 14:26:52.0050            |
+-------------------------------------+
mysql> SELECT FROM_UNIXTIME(1596723903109022/1000000.0);
+-------------------------------------------+
| FROM_UNIXTIME(1596723903109022/1000000.0) |
+-------------------------------------------+
| 2020-08-06 14:25:03.1090                  |
+-------------------------------------------+
log_sink_syseventlog Output Format

The system log sink produces output that conforms to the system log format used on the local platform.

Early-Startup Logging Output Format

The server generates some error log messages before startup options have been processed, and thus before it knows error log settings such as the log_error_verbosity and log_timestamps system variable values, and before it knows which log components are to be used. The server handles error log messages that are generated early in the startup process as follows:

  • Prior to MySQL 8.0.14, the server generates messages with the default timestamp, format, and verbosity level, and buffers them. After the startup options are processed and the error log configuration is known, the server flushes the buffered messages. Because these early messages use the default log configuration, they may differ from what is specified by the startup options. Also, the early messages are not flushed to log sinks other than the default. For example, logging to the JSON sink does not include these early messages because they are not in JSON format.

  • As of MySQL 8.0.14, the server buffers log events rather than formatted log messages. This enables it to retroactively apply configuration settings to those events after the settings are known, with the result that flushed messages use the configured settings, not the defaults. Also, messages are flushed to all configured sinks, not just the default sink.

    If a fatal error occurs before log configuration is known and the server must exit, the server formats buffered messages using the logging defaults so they are not lost. If no fatal error occurs but startup is excessively slow prior to processing startup options, the server periodically formats and flushes buffered messages using the logging defaults so as not to appear unresponsive. Although this behavior is similar to pre-8.0.14 behavior in that the defaults are used, it is preferable to losing messages when exceptional conditions occur.

System Variables That Affect Error Log Format

The log_timestamps system variable controls the time zone of timestamps in messages written to the error log (as well as to general query log and slow query log files). The server applies log_timestamps to error events before they reach any log sink; it thus affects error message output from all sinks.

Permitted log_timestamps values are UTC (the default) and SYSTEM (the local system time zone). Timestamps are written using ISO 8601 / RFC 3339 format: YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss.uuuuuu plus a tail value of Z signifying Zulu time (UTC) or ±hh:mm (an offset that indicates the local system time zone adjustment relative to UTC). For example:

2020-08-07T15:02:00.832521Z            (UTC)
2020-08-07T10:02:00.832521-05:00       (SYSTEM)