With statement-based replication, triggers executed on the master also execute on the slave. With row-based replication, triggers executed on the master do not execute on the slave. Instead, the row changes on the master resulting from trigger execution are replicated and applied on the slave.
This behavior is by design. If under row-based replication the slave applied the triggers as well as the row changes caused by them, the changes would in effect be applied twice on the slave, leading to different data on the master and the slave.
If you want triggers to execute on both the master and the slave—perhaps because you have different triggers on the master and slave—you must use statement-based replication. However, to enable slave-side triggers, it is not necessary to use statement-based replication exclusively. It is sufficient to switch to statement-based replication only for those statements where you want this effect, and to use row-based replication the rest of the time.
A statement invoking a trigger (or function) that causes an
update to an
AUTO_INCREMENT column is not
replicated correctly using statement-based replication. MySQL
8.0 marks such statements as unsafe. (Bug #45677)
For brevity, “multiple triggers” here is shorthand for “multiple triggers that have the same trigger event and action time.”
Upgrades. Multiple triggers are not supported in versions earlier than MySQL 5.7. If you upgrade servers in a replication topology that use a version earlier than MySQL 5.7, upgrade the replication slaves first and then upgrade the master. If an upgraded replication master still has old slaves using MySQL versions that do not support multiple triggers, an error occurs on those slaves if a trigger is created on the master for a table that already has a trigger with the same trigger event and action time.
Downgrades. If you downgrade a server that supports multiple triggers to an older version that does not, the downgrade has these effects:
For each table that has triggers, all trigger definitions are in the
.TRGfile for the table. However, if there are multiple triggers with the same trigger event and action time, the server executes only one of them when the trigger event occurs. For information about
.TRGfiles, see the Table Trigger Storage section of the MySQL Server Doxygen documentation, available at https://dev.mysql.com/doc/index-other.html.
If triggers for the table are added or dropped subsequent to the downgrade, the server rewrites the table's
.TRGfile. The rewritten file retains only one trigger per combination of trigger event and action time; the others are lost.
To avoid these problems, modify your triggers before downgrading. For each table that has multiple triggers per combination of trigger event and action time, convert each such set of triggers to a single trigger as follows:
For each trigger, create a stored routine that contains all the code in the trigger. Values accessed using
OLDcan be passed to the routine using parameters. If the trigger needs a single result value from the code, you can put the code in a stored function and have the function return the value. If the trigger needs multiple result values from the code, you can put the code in a stored procedure and return the values using
Drop all triggers for the table.
Create one new trigger for the table that invokes the stored routines just created. The effect for this trigger is thus the same as the multiple triggers it replaces.