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19.1.7.1 Checking Replication Status

The most common task when managing a replication process is to ensure that replication is taking place and that there have been no errors between the replica and the source.

The SHOW REPLICA STATUS statement, which you must execute on each replica, provides information about the configuration and status of the connection between the replica server and the source server. The MySQL Performance Schema contains replication tables that provide this information in a more accessible form. See Section 29.12.11, “Performance Schema Replication Tables”.

The replication heartbeat information shown in the Performance Schema replication tables lets you check that the replication connection is active even if the source has not sent events to the replica recently. The source sends a heartbeat signal to a replica if there are no updates to, and no unsent events in, the binary log for a longer period than the heartbeat interval. The SOURCE_HEARTBEAT_PERIOD setting on the source (set by CHANGE REPLICATION SOURCE TO) specifies the frequency of the heartbeat, which defaults to half of the connection timeout interval for the replica (specified by the system variable replica_net_timeout. The replication_connection_status Performance Schema table shows when the most recent heartbeat signal was received by a replica, and how many heartbeat signals it has received.

You can use SHOW REPLICA STATUS to check on the status of an individual replica; this statement provides the information shown here:

mysql> SHOW REPLICA STATUS\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
             Replica_IO_State: Waiting for source to send event
                  Source_Host: 127.0.0.1
                  Source_User: root
                  Source_Port: 13000
                Connect_Retry: 1
              Source_Log_File: master-bin.000001
          Read_Source_Log_Pos: 927
               Relay_Log_File: slave-relay-bin.000002
                Relay_Log_Pos: 1145
        Relay_Source_Log_File: master-bin.000001
           Replica_IO_Running: Yes
          Replica_SQL_Running: Yes
              Replicate_Do_DB:
          Replicate_Ignore_DB:
           Replicate_Do_Table:
       Replicate_Ignore_Table:
      Replicate_Wild_Do_Table:
  Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table:
                   Last_Errno: 0
                   Last_Error:
                 Skip_Counter: 0
          Exec_Source_Log_Pos: 927
              Relay_Log_Space: 1355
              Until_Condition: None
               Until_Log_File:
                Until_Log_Pos: 0
           Source_SSL_Allowed: No
           Source_SSL_CA_File:
           Source_SSL_CA_Path:
              Source_SSL_Cert:
            Source_SSL_Cipher:
               Source_SSL_Key:
        Seconds_Behind_Source: 0
Source_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
                Last_IO_Errno: 0
                Last_IO_Error:
               Last_SQL_Errno: 0
               Last_SQL_Error:
  Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids:
             Source_Server_Id: 1
                  Source_UUID: 73f86016-978b-11ee-ade5-8d2a2a562feb
             Source_Info_File: mysql.slave_master_info
                    SQL_Delay: 0
          SQL_Remaining_Delay: NULL
    Replica_SQL_Running_State: Replica has read all relay log; waiting for more updates
           Source_Retry_Count: 10
                  Source_Bind:
      Last_IO_Error_Timestamp:
     Last_SQL_Error_Timestamp:
               Source_SSL_Crl:
           Source_SSL_Crlpath:
           Retrieved_Gtid_Set: 73f86016-978b-11ee-ade5-8d2a2a562feb:1-3
            Executed_Gtid_Set: 73f86016-978b-11ee-ade5-8d2a2a562feb:1-3
                Auto_Position: 1
         Replicate_Rewrite_DB:
                 Channel_Name:
           Source_TLS_Version:
       Source_public_key_path:
        Get_Source_public_key: 0
            Network_Namespace:

The key fields from the status report to examine are:

  • Replica_IO_State: The current status of the replica. See Section 10.14.5, “Replication I/O (Receiver) Thread States”, and Section 10.14.6, “Replication SQL Thread States”, for more information.

  • Replica_IO_Running: Whether the I/O (receiver) thread for reading the source's binary log is running. Normally, you want this to be Yes unless you have not yet started replication or have explicitly stopped it with STOP REPLICA.

  • Replica_SQL_Running: Whether the SQL thread for executing events in the relay log is running. As with the I/O thread, this should normally be Yes.

  • Last_IO_Error, Last_SQL_Error: The last errors registered by the I/O (receiver) and SQL (applier) threads when processing the relay log. Ideally these should be blank, indicating no errors.

  • Seconds_Behind_Source: The number of seconds that the replication SQL (applier) thread is behind processing the source binary log. A high number (or an increasing one) can indicate that the replica is unable to handle events from the source in a timely fashion.

    A value of 0 for Seconds_Behind_Source can usually be interpreted as meaning that the replica has caught up with the source, but there are some cases where this is not strictly true. For example, this can occur if the network connection between source and replica is broken but the replication I/O (receiver) thread has not yet noticed this; that is, the time period set by replica_net_timeout has not yet elapsed.

    It is also possible that transient values for Seconds_Behind_Source may not reflect the situation accurately. When the replication SQL (applier) thread has caught up on I/O, Seconds_Behind_Source displays 0; but when the replication I/O (receiver) thread is still queuing up a new event, Seconds_Behind_Source may show a large value until the replication applier thread finishes executing the new event. This is especially likely when the events have old timestamps; in such cases, if you execute SHOW REPLICA STATUS several times in a relatively short period, you may see this value change back and forth repeatedly between 0 and a relatively large value.

Several pairs of fields provide information about the progress of the replica in reading events from the source binary log and processing them in the relay log:

  • (Master_Log_file, Read_Master_Log_Pos): Coordinates in the source binary log indicating how far the replication I/O (receiver) thread has read events from that log.

  • (Relay_Master_Log_File, Exec_Master_Log_Pos): Coordinates in the source binary log indicating how far the replication SQL (applier) thread has executed events received from that log.

  • (Relay_Log_File, Relay_Log_Pos): Coordinates in the replica relay log indicating how far the replication SQL (applier) thread has executed the relay log. These correspond to the preceding coordinates, but are expressed in replica relay log coordinates rather than source binary log coordinates.

On the source, you can check the status of connected replicas using SHOW PROCESSLIST to examine the list of running processes. Replica connections have Binlog Dump in the Command field:

mysql> SHOW PROCESSLIST \G;
*************************** 4. row ***************************
     Id: 10
   User: root
   Host: replica1:58371
     db: NULL
Command: Binlog Dump
   Time: 777
  State: Has sent all binlog to slave; waiting for binlog to be updated
   Info: NULL

Because it is the replica that drives the replication process, very little information is available in this report.

For replicas that were started with the --report-host option and are connected to the source, the SHOW REPLICAS statement on the source shows basic information about the replicas. The output includes the ID of the replica server, the value of the --report-host option, the connecting port, and source ID:

mysql> SHOW REPLICAS;
+-----------+----------+------+-------------------+-----------+
| Server_id | Host     | Port | Rpl_recovery_rank | Source_id |
+-----------+----------+------+-------------------+-----------+
|        10 | replica1 | 3306 |                 0 |         1 |
+-----------+----------+------+-------------------+-----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)