MySQL role names refer to roles, which are named collections of privileges. For role usage examples, see Section 6.2.10, “Using Roles”.
Role names have syntax and semantics similar to account names; see Section 6.2.4, “Specifying Account Names”. As stored in the grant tables, they have the same properties as account names, which are described in Grant Table Scope Column Properties.
Role names differ from account names in these respects:
The user part of role names cannot be blank. Thus, there is no “anonymous role” analogous to the concept of “anonymous user.”
As for an account name, omitting the host part of a role name results in a host part of
'%'. But unlike
'%'in an account name, a host part of
'%'in a role name has no wildcard properties. For example, for a name
'me'@'%'used as a role name, the host part (
'%') is just a literal value; it has no “any host” matching property.
Netmask notation in the host part of a role name has no significance.
An account name is permitted to be
CURRENT_USER()in several contexts. A role name is not.
It is possible for a row in the
system table to serve as both an account and a role. In this case,
any special user or host name matching properties do not apply in
contexts for which the name is used as a role name. For example,
you cannot execute the following statement with the expectation
that it sets the current session roles using all roles that have a
user part of
myrole and any host name:
SET ROLE 'myrole'@'%';
Instead, the statement sets the active role for the session to the
role with exactly the name
For this reason, role names are often specified using only the
user name part and letting the host name part implicitly be
'%'. Specifying a role with a
'%' host part can be useful if you intend
to create a name that works both as a role an as a user account
that is permitted to connect from the given host.