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MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  No-Login Pluggable Authentication

Pre-General Availability Draft: 2017-08-17

6.5.1.4 No-Login Pluggable Authentication

The mysql_no_login server-side authentication plugin prevents all client connections to any account that uses it. Use cases for such a plugin includes accounts that must be able to execute stored programs and views with elevated privileges without exposing those privileges to ordinary users, and proxied accounts that should never permit direct login but are accessed only through proxy accounts.

The following table shows the plugin and library file names. The file name suffix might differ on your system. The file must be located in the directory named by the plugin_dir system variable.

Table 6.13 Plugin and Library Names for No Login Authentication

Server-side plugin namemysql_no_login
Client-side plugin nameNone
Library file namemysql_no_login.so

The following sections provide installation and usage information specific to no-login pluggable authentication:

For general information about pluggable authentication in MySQL, see Section 6.3.10, “Pluggable Authentication”. For proxy user information, see Section 6.3.11, “Proxy Users”.

Installing No-Login Pluggable Authentication

This section describes how to install the no-login authentication plugin. For general information about installing plugins, see Section 5.6.1, “Installing and Uninstalling Plugins”.

To be usable by the server, the plugin library file must be located in the MySQL plugin directory (the directory named by the plugin_dir system variable). If necessary, set the value of plugin_dir at server startup to tell the server the plugin directory location.

The plugin library file base name is mysql_no_login. The file name suffix differs per platform (for example, .so for Unix and Unix-like systems, .dll for Windows).

To load the plugin at server startup, use the --plugin-load-add option to name the library file that contains it. With this plugin-loading method, the option must be given each time the server starts. For example, put these lines in your my.cnf file (adjust the .so suffix for your platform as necessary):

[mysqld]
plugin-load-add=mysql_no_login.so

After modifying my.cnf, restart the server to cause the new settings to take effect.

Alternatively, to register the plugin at runtime, use this statement (adjust the .so suffix as necessary):

INSTALL PLUGIN mysql_no_login SONAME 'mysql_no_login.so';

INSTALL PLUGIN loads a plugin, and also registers it in the mysql.plugins system table to cause the plugin to be loaded for each subsequent normal server startup.

To verify plugin installation, examine the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.PLUGINS table or use the SHOW PLUGINS statement (see Section 5.6.2, “Obtaining Server Plugin Information”). For example:

mysql> SELECT PLUGIN_NAME, PLUGIN_STATUS
       FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.PLUGINS
       WHERE PLUGIN_NAME LIKE '%login%';
+----------------+---------------+
| PLUGIN_NAME    | PLUGIN_STATUS |
+----------------+---------------+
| mysql_no_login | ACTIVE        |
+----------------+---------------+

If the plugin fails to initialize, check the server error log for diagnostic messages.

To associate MySQL accounts with the no-login plugin, see Using No-Login Pluggable Authentication.

Uninstalling No-Login Pluggable Authentication

The method used to uninstall the no-login authentication plugin depends on how you installed it:

  • If you installed the plugin at server startup using a --plugin-load-add option, restart the server without the option.

  • If you installed the plugin at runtime using INSTALL PLUGIN, it remains installed across server restarts. To uninstall it, use UNINSTALL PLUGIN:

    UNINSTALL PLUGIN mysql_no_login;
Using No-Login Pluggable Authentication

This section describes how to use the no-login authentication plugin to prevent connections from MySQL client programs to the server. It is assumed that the server is running with the server-side plugin enabled, as described in Installing No-Login Pluggable Authentication.

To refer to the no-login authentication plugin in the IDENTIFIED WITH clause of a CREATE USER statement, use the name mysql_no_login.

An account that authenticates using mysql_no_login may be used as the DEFINER for stored program and view objects. If such an object definition also includes SQL SECURITY DEFINER, it executes with that account's privileges. DBAs can use this behavior to provide access to confidential or sensitive data that is exposed only through well-controlled interfaces.

The following example provides a simple illustration of these principles. It defines an account that does not permit client connections, and associates with it a view that exposes only certain columns of the mysql.user table:

CREATE DATABASE nologindb;
CREATE USER 'nologin'@'localhost'
  IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_no_login;
GRANT ALL ON nologindb.*
  TO 'nologin'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.user
  TO 'nologin'@'localhost';
CREATE DEFINER = 'nologin'@'localhost'
  SQL SECURITY DEFINER
  VIEW nologindb.myview
  AS SELECT User, Host FROM mysql.user;

To provide protected access to the view to an ordinary user, do this:

GRANT SELECT ON nologindb.myview
  TO 'ordinaryuser'@'localhost';

Now the ordinary user can use the view to access the limited information it presents:

SELECT * FROM nologindb.myview;

Attempts by the user to access columns other than those exposed by the view result in an error, as do all attempts to select from the view by users not granted access to it.

Note

Because the nologin account cannot be used directly, the operations required to set up objects that it uses must be performed by root or similar account with the privileges required to create the objects and set DEFINER values.

An account that authenticates using mysql_no_login may be used as a proxied base user for proxy accounts:

-- create proxied account
CREATE USER 'proxy_base'@'localhost'
  IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_no_login;
-- grant privileges to proxied account
GRANT ...  TO 'proxy_base'@'localhost';
-- permit real_user to be proxy for proxied account
GRANT PROXY ON 'proxy_base'@'localhost'
  TO 'real_user'@'localhost';

This enables clients to access MySQL through the proxy account (real_user) but not to bypass the proxy mechanism by connecting directly as the proxied user (proxy_base).


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