Documentation Home
MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual
Related Documentation Download this Manual
PDF (US Ltr) - 45.6Mb
PDF (A4) - 45.7Mb
PDF (RPM) - 41.2Mb
HTML Download (TGZ) - 10.5Mb
HTML Download (Zip) - 10.6Mb
HTML Download (RPM) - 9.1Mb
Man Pages (TGZ) - 209.9Kb
Man Pages (Zip) - 312.1Kb
Info (Gzip) - 4.1Mb
Info (Zip) - 4.1Mb
Excerpts from this Manual

MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  Types of Numeric Values

12.25.1 Types of Numeric Values

The scope of precision math for exact-value operations includes the exact-value data types (integer and DECIMAL types) and exact-value numeric literals. Approximate-value data types and numeric literals are handled as floating-point numbers.

Exact-value numeric literals have an integer part or fractional part, or both. They may be signed. Examples: 1, .2, 3.4, -5, -6.78, +9.10.

Approximate-value numeric literals are represented in scientific notation with a mantissa and exponent. Either or both parts may be signed. Examples: 1.2E3, 1.2E-3, -1.2E3, -1.2E-3.

Two numbers that look similar may be treated differently. For example, 2.34 is an exact-value (fixed-point) number, whereas 2.34E0 is an approximate-value (floating-point) number.

The DECIMAL data type is a fixed-point type and calculations are exact. In MySQL, the DECIMAL type has several synonyms: NUMERIC, DEC, FIXED. The integer types also are exact-value types.

The FLOAT and DOUBLE data types are floating-point types and calculations are approximate. In MySQL, types that are synonymous with FLOAT or DOUBLE are DOUBLE PRECISION and REAL.