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MySQL 5.7 Reference Manual
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Excerpts from this Manual SHOW INDEX Syntax

    {FROM | IN} tbl_name
    [{FROM | IN} db_name]
    [WHERE expr]

SHOW INDEX returns table index information. The format resembles that of the SQLStatistics call in ODBC. This statement requires some privilege for any column in the table.

SHOW INDEX returns the following fields:

  • Table

    The name of the table.

  • Non_unique

    0 if the index cannot contain duplicates, 1 if it can.

  • Key_name

    The name of the index. If the index is the primary key, the name is always PRIMARY.

  • Seq_in_index

    The column sequence number in the index, starting with 1.

  • Column_name

    The column name.

  • Collation

    How the column is sorted in the index. This can have values A (ascending) or NULL (not sorted).

  • Cardinality

    An estimate of the number of unique values in the index. This is updated by running ANALYZE TABLE or myisamchk -a. Cardinality is counted based on statistics stored as integers, so the value is not necessarily exact even for small tables. The higher the cardinality, the greater the chance that MySQL uses the index when doing joins.

  • Sub_part

    The index prefix. That is, the number of indexed characters if the column is only partly indexed, NULL if the entire column is indexed.


    Prefix limits are measured in bytes, whereas the prefix length in CREATE TABLE, ALTER TABLE, and CREATE INDEX statements is interpreted as number of characters for nonbinary string types (CHAR, VARCHAR, TEXT) and number of bytes for binary string types (BINARY, VARBINARY, BLOB). Take this into account when specifying a prefix length for a nonbinary string column that uses a multibyte character set.

    For additional information about index prefixes, see Section 14.1.14, “CREATE INDEX Syntax”.

  • Packed

    Indicates how the key is packed. NULL if it is not.

  • Null

    Contains YES if the column may contain NULL values and '' if not.

  • Index_type

    The index method used (BTREE, FULLTEXT, HASH, RTREE).

  • Comment

    Information about the index not described in its own column, such as disabled if the index is disabled.

  • Index_comment

    Any comment provided for the index with a COMMENT attribute when the index was created.

You can use db_name.tbl_name as an alternative to the tbl_name FROM db_name syntax. These two statements are equivalent:

SHOW INDEX FROM mytable FROM mydb;
SHOW INDEX FROM mydb.mytable;

The WHERE clause can be given to select rows using more general conditions, as discussed in Section 23.34, “Extensions to SHOW Statements”.

You can also list a table's indexes with the mysqlshow -k db_name tbl_name command.

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