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MySQL 5.7 Reference Manual
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DROP USER [IF EXISTS] user [, user] ...

The DROP USER statement removes one or more MySQL accounts and their privileges. It removes privilege rows for the account from all grant tables.

To use DROP USER, you must have the global CREATE USER privilege or the DELETE privilege for the mysql database. When the read_only system variable is enabled, DROP USER additionally requires the SUPER privilege.

An error occurs if you try to drop an account that does not exist.

As of MySQL 5.7.8, the IF EXISTS clause can be used, which causes the statement to produce a warning for each named account that does not exist, rather than an error.

Each account name uses the format described in Section 6.2.3, “Specifying Account Names”. For example:

DROP USER 'jeffrey'@'localhost';

If you specify only the user name part of the account name, a host name part of '%' is used.


DROP USER does not automatically close any open user sessions. Rather, in the event that a user with an open session is dropped, the statement does not take effect until that user's session is closed. Once the session is closed, the user is dropped, and that user's next attempt to log in will fail. This is by design.

DROP USER does not automatically drop or invalidate databases or objects within them that the old user created. This includes stored programs or views for which the DEFINER attribute names the dropped user. Attempts to access such objects may produce an error if they execute in definer security context. (For information about security context, see Section 19.6, “Access Control for Stored Programs and Views”.)

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User Comments
  Posted by J Ruiz on August 29, 2011
As of 5.0.37, if the user does not exists, MySQL responds with: 'ERROR 1396 (HY000): Operation DROP USER failed for ...'
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