Documentation Home
MySQL 5.7 Reference Manual
Related Documentation Download this Manual
PDF (US Ltr) - 35.5Mb
PDF (A4) - 35.5Mb
PDF (RPM) - 34.6Mb
EPUB - 8.7Mb
HTML Download (TGZ) - 8.5Mb
HTML Download (Zip) - 8.5Mb
HTML Download (RPM) - 7.3Mb
Eclipse Doc Plugin (TGZ) - 9.3Mb
Eclipse Doc Plugin (Zip) - 11.5Mb
Man Pages (TGZ) - 201.6Kb
Man Pages (Zip) - 306.9Kb
Info (Gzip) - 3.3Mb
Info (Zip) - 3.3Mb
Excerpts from this Manual

14.7.6.4 KILL Syntax

KILL [CONNECTION | QUERY] processlist_id

Each connection to mysqld runs in a separate thread. You can kill a thread with the KILL processlist_id statement.

Thread processlist identifiers can be determined from the ID column of the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.PROCESSLIST table, the Id column of SHOW PROCESSLIST output, and the PROCESSLIST_ID column of the Performance Schema threads table. The value for the current thread is returned by the CONNECTION_ID() function.

KILL permits an optional CONNECTION or QUERY modifier:

  • KILL CONNECTION is the same as KILL with no modifier: It terminates the connection associated with the given processlist_id, after terminating any statement the connection is executing.

  • KILL QUERY terminates the statement the connection is currently executing, but leaves the connection itself intact.

If you have the PROCESS privilege, you can see all threads. If you have the SUPER privilege, you can kill all threads and statements. Otherwise, you can see and kill only your own threads and statements.

You can also use the mysqladmin processlist and mysqladmin kill commands to examine and kill threads.

Note

You cannot use KILL with the Embedded MySQL Server library because the embedded server merely runs inside the threads of the host application. It does not create any connection threads of its own.

When you use KILL, a thread-specific kill flag is set for the thread. In most cases, it might take some time for the thread to die because the kill flag is checked only at specific intervals:

  • During SELECT operations, for ORDER BY and GROUP BY loops, the flag is checked after reading a block of rows. If the kill flag is set, the statement is aborted.

  • ALTER TABLE operations that make a table copy check the kill flag periodically for each few copied rows read from the original table. If the kill flag was set, the statement is aborted and the temporary table is deleted.

    The KILL statement returns without waiting for confirmation, but the kill flag check aborts the operation within a reasonably small amount of time. Aborting the operation to perform any necessary cleanup also takes some time.

  • During UPDATE or DELETE operations, the kill flag is checked after each block read and after each updated or deleted row. If the kill flag is set, the statement is aborted. If you are not using transactions, the changes are not rolled back.

  • GET_LOCK() aborts and returns NULL.

  • If the thread is in the table lock handler (state: Locked), the table lock is quickly aborted.

  • If the thread is waiting for free disk space in a write call, the write is aborted with a disk full error message.

Warning

Killing a REPAIR TABLE or OPTIMIZE TABLE operation on a MyISAM table results in a table that is corrupted and unusable. Any reads or writes to such a table fail until you optimize or repair it again (without interruption).


User Comments
Sign Up Login You must be logged in to post a comment.