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MySQL 5.7 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  ndb_blob_tool — Check and Repair BLOB and TEXT columns of NDB Cluster Tables

21.5.6 ndb_blob_tool — Check and Repair BLOB and TEXT columns of NDB Cluster Tables

This tool can be used to check for and remove orphaned BLOB column parts from NDB tables, as well as to generate a file listing any orphaned parts. It is sometimes useful in diagnosing and repairing corrupted or damaged NDB tables containing BLOB or TEXT columns.

The basic syntax for ndb_blob_tool is shown here:

ndb_blob_tool [options] table [column, ...]

Unless you use the --help option, you must specify an action to be performed by including one or more of the options --check-orphans, --delete-orphans, or --dump-file. These options cause ndb_blob_tool to check for orphaned BLOB parts, remove any orphaned BLOB parts, and generate a dump file listing orphaned BLOB parts, respectively, and are described in more detail later in this section.

You must also specify the name of a table when invoking ndb_blob_tool. In addition, you can optionally follow the table name with the (comma-separated) names of one or more BLOB or TEXT columns from that table. If no columns are listed, the tool works on all of the table's BLOB and TEXT columns. If you need to specify a database, use the --database (-d) option.

The --verbose option provides additional information in the output about the tool's progress.

Options that can be used with ndb_blob_tool are shown in the following table. Additional descriptions follow the table.

Table 21.26 Command-line options used with the program ndb_blob_tool

Format Description Added, Deprecated, or Removed

--add-missing

Write dummy blob parts to take place of those which are missing

ADDED: NDB 7.5.18, NDB 7.6.14

--character-sets-dir=path

Directory containing character sets

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--check-missing

Check for blobs having inline parts but missing one or more parts from parts table

ADDED: NDB 7.5.18, NDB 7.6.14

--check-orphans

Check for blob parts having no corresponding inline parts

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--connect-retries=#

Number of times to retry connection before giving up

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--connect-retry-delay=#

Number of seconds to wait between attempts to contact management server

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--connect-string=connection-string,

-c

Same as --ndb-connectstring

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--core-file

Write core file on error; used in debugging

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--database=db_name,

-d

Database to find the table in

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--defaults-extra-file=path

Read given file after global files are read

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--defaults-file=path

Read default options from given file only

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--defaults-group-suffix=string

Also read groups with concat(group, suffix)

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--delete-orphans

Delete blob parts having no corresponding inline parts

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--dump-file=file

Write orphan keys to specified file

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--help,

-?

Display help text and exit

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--login-path=path

Read given path from login file

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--ndb-connectstring=connection-string,

-c

Set connect string for connecting to ndb_mgmd. Syntax: "[nodeid=id;][host=]hostname[:port]". Overrides entries in NDB_CONNECTSTRING and my.cnf

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--ndb-mgmd-host=connection-string,

-c

Same as --ndb-connectstring

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--ndb-nodeid=#

Set node ID for this node, overriding any ID set by --ndb-connectstring

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--ndb-optimized-node-selection

Enable optimizations for selection of nodes for transactions. Enabled by default; use --skip-ndb-optimized-node-selection to disable

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--no-defaults

Do not read default options from any option file other than login file

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--print-defaults

Print program argument list and exit

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--usage,

-?

Display help text and exit; same as --help

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--verbose,

-v

Verbose output

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)

--version,

-V

Display version information and exit

(Supported in all NDB releases based on MySQL 5.7)


  • --add-missing

    Command-Line Format --add-missing
    Introduced 5.7.29-ndb-7.6.14
    Type Boolean
    Default Value FALSE

    For each inline part in NDB Cluster tables which has no corresponding BLOB part, write a dummy BLOB part of the required length, consisting of spaces.

  • --character-sets-dir

    Command-Line Format --character-sets-dir=path

    Directory containing character sets.

  • --check-missing

    Command-Line Format --check-missing
    Introduced 5.7.29-ndb-7.6.14
    Type Boolean
    Default Value FALSE

    Check for inline parts in NDB Cluster tables which have no corresponding BLOB parts.

  • --check-orphans

    Command-Line Format --check-orphans
    Type Boolean
    Default Value FALSE

    Check for BLOB parts in NDB Cluster tables which have no corresponding inline parts.

  • --connect-retries

    Command-Line Format --connect-retries=#
    Type Integer
    Default Value 12
    Minimum Value 0
    Maximum Value 12

    Number of times to retry connection before giving up.

  • --connect-retry-delay

    Command-Line Format --connect-retry-delay=#
    Type Integer
    Default Value 5
    Minimum Value 0
    Maximum Value 5

    Number of seconds to wait between attempts to contact management server.

  • --connect-string

    Command-Line Format --connect-string=connection-string
    Type String
    Default Value [none]

    Same as --ndb-connectstring.

  • --core-file

    Command-Line Format --core-file

    Write core file on error; used in debugging.

  • --database=db_name, -d

    Command-Line Format --database=db_name
    Type String
    Default Value [none]

    Specify the database to find the table in.

  • --defaults-extra-file

    Command-Line Format --defaults-extra-file=path
    Type String
    Default Value [none]

    Read given file after global files are read.

  • --defaults-file

    Command-Line Format --defaults-file=path
    Type String
    Default Value [none]

    Read default options from given file only.

  • --defaults-group-suffix

    Command-Line Format --defaults-group-suffix=string
    Type String
    Default Value [none]

    Also read groups with concat(group, suffix).

  • --delete-orphans

    Command-Line Format --delete-orphans
    Type Boolean
    Default Value FALSE

    Remove BLOB parts from NDB Cluster tables which have no corresponding inline parts.

  • --dump-file=file

    Command-Line Format --dump-file=file
    Type File name
    Default Value [none]

    Writes a list of orphaned BLOB column parts to file. The information written to the file includes the table key and BLOB part number for each orphaned BLOB part.

  • --help

    Command-Line Format --help

    Display help text and exit.

  • --login-path

    Command-Line Format --login-path=path
    Type String
    Default Value [none]

    Read given path from login file.

  • --ndb-connectstring

    Command-Line Format --ndb-connectstring=connection-string
    Type String
    Default Value [none]

    Set connect string for connecting to ndb_mgmd. Syntax: "[nodeid=id;][host=]hostname[:port]". Overrides entries in NDB_CONNECTSTRING and my.cnf.

  • --ndb-mgmd-host

    Command-Line Format --ndb-mgmd-host=connection-string
    Type String
    Default Value [none]

    Same as --ndb-connectstring.

  • --ndb-nodeid

    Command-Line Format --ndb-nodeid=#
    Type Integer
    Default Value [none]

    Set node ID for this node, overriding any ID set by --ndb-connectstring.

  • --ndb-optimized-node-selection

    Command-Line Format --ndb-optimized-node-selection

    Enable optimizations for selection of nodes for transactions. Enabled by default; use --skip-ndb-optimized-node-selection to disable.

  • --no-defaults

    Command-Line Format --no-defaults

    Do not read default options from any option file other than login file.

  • --print-defaults

    Command-Line Format --print-defaults

    Print program argument list and exit.

  • --usage

    Command-Line Format --usage

    Display help text and exit; same as --help.

  • --verbose

    Command-Line Format --verbose
    Type Boolean
    Default Value FALSE

    Provide extra information in the tool's output regarding its progress.

  • --version

    Command-Line Format --version

    Display version information and exit.

Example

First we create an NDB table in the test database, using the CREATE TABLE statement shown here:

USE test;

CREATE TABLE btest (
    c0 BIGINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
    c1 TEXT,
    c2 BLOB
)   ENGINE=NDB;

Then we insert a few rows into this table, using a series of statements similar to this one:

INSERT INTO btest VALUES (NULL, 'x', REPEAT('x', 1000));

When run with --check-orphans against this table, ndb_blob_tool generates the following output:

shell> ndb_blob_tool --check-orphans --verbose -d test btest
connected
processing 2 blobs
processing blob #0 c1 NDB$BLOB_19_1
NDB$BLOB_19_1: nextResult: res=1
total parts: 0
orphan parts: 0
processing blob #1 c2 NDB$BLOB_19_2
NDB$BLOB_19_2: nextResult: res=0
NDB$BLOB_19_2: nextResult: res=0
NDB$BLOB_19_2: nextResult: res=0
NDB$BLOB_19_2: nextResult: res=0
NDB$BLOB_19_2: nextResult: res=0
NDB$BLOB_19_2: nextResult: res=0
NDB$BLOB_19_2: nextResult: res=0
NDB$BLOB_19_2: nextResult: res=0
NDB$BLOB_19_2: nextResult: res=0
NDB$BLOB_19_2: nextResult: res=0
NDB$BLOB_19_2: nextResult: res=1
total parts: 10
orphan parts: 0
disconnected

NDBT_ProgramExit: 0 - OK

The tool reports that there are no NDB BLOB column parts associated with column c1, even though c1 is a TEXT column. This is due to the fact that, in an NDB table, only the first 256 bytes of a BLOB or TEXT column value are stored inline, and only the excess, if any, is stored separately; thus, if there are no values using more than 256 bytes in a given column of one of these types, no BLOB column parts are created by NDB for this column. See Section 11.7, “Data Type Storage Requirements”, for more information.