This section lists a number of miscellaneous tips for improving query processing speed:
If your application makes several database requests to perform related updates, combining the statements into a stored routine can help performance. Similarly, if your application computes a single result based on several column values or large volumes of data, combining the computation into a UDF (user-defined function) can help performance. The resulting fast database operations are then available to be reused by other queries, applications, and even code written in different programming languages. See Section 24.2, “Using Stored Routines” and Section 29.4, “Adding Functions to MySQL” for more information.
If possible, classify reports as “live” or as “statistical”, where data needed for statistical reports is created only from summary tables that are generated periodically from the live data.
If you have data that does not conform well to a rows-and-columns table structure, you can pack and store data into a
BLOBcolumn. In this case, you must provide code in your application to pack and unpack information, but this might save I/O operations to read and write the sets of related values.
With Web servers, store images and other binary assets as files, with the path name stored in the database rather than the file itself. Most Web servers are better at caching files than database contents, so using files is generally faster. (Although you must handle backups and storage issues yourself in this case.)
If you need really high speed, look at the low-level MySQL interfaces. For example, by accessing the MySQL
MyISAMstorage engine directly, you could get a substantial speed increase compared to using the SQL interface.
Replication can provide a performance benefit for some operations. You can distribute client retrievals among replication servers to split up the load. To avoid slowing down the master while making backups, you can make backups using a slave server. See Chapter 17, Replication.