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MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual
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18.1.4.2 Failure Detection

Group Replication includes a failure detection mechanism that is able to find and report which servers are silent and as such assumed to be dead. At a high level, the failure detector is a distributed service that provides information about which servers may be dead (suspicions). Suspicions are triggered when servers go mute. When server A does not receive messages from server B during a given period, a timeout occurs and a suspicion is raised. Later if the group agrees that the suspicions are probably true, then the group decides that a given server has indeed failed. This means that the remaining members in the group take a coordinated decision to exclude a given member.

If a server gets isolated from the rest of the group, then it suspects that all others have failed. Being unable to secure agreement with the group (as it cannot secure a quorum), its suspicion does not have consequences. When a server is isolated from the group in this way, it is unable to execute any local transactions.

For information on the Group Replication system variables that you can configure to specify the responses of working group members, and group members that are suspected of having failed, to these situations, see Section 18.6.6, “Responses to Failure Detection and Network Partitioning”.