Documentation Home
MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual
Related Documentation Download this Manual
PDF (US Ltr) - 42.9Mb
PDF (A4) - 43.0Mb
Man Pages (TGZ) - 271.4Kb
Man Pages (Zip) - 381.3Kb
Info (Gzip) - 4.2Mb
Info (Zip) - 4.2Mb
Excerpts from this Manual

2.1.4.2 Signature Checking Using GnuPG

Another method of verifying the integrity and authenticity of a package is to use cryptographic signatures. This is more reliable than using MD5 checksums, but requires more work.

We sign MySQL downloadable packages with GnuPG (GNU Privacy Guard). GnuPG is an Open Source alternative to the well-known Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) by Phil Zimmermann. Most Linux distributions ship with GnuPG installed by default. Otherwise, see http://www.gnupg.org/ for more information about GnuPG and how to obtain and install it.

To verify the signature for a specific package, you first need to obtain a copy of our public GPG build key, which you can download from http://pgp.mit.edu/. The key that you want to obtain is named mysql-build@oss.oracle.com. The keyID for MySQL 8.0.28 packages and higher is 3A79BD29. After obtaining this key, you should compare it with the key shown following, before using it verify MySQL packages. Alternatively, you can copy and paste the key directly from the text below.

Note

The following public GPG build key is for MySQL 8.0.28 packages and higher. For the public GPG build key for earlier MySQL release packages (keyID 5072E1F5), see Section 2.1.4.5, “GPG Public Build Key for Archived Packages”.

-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----
Version: SKS 1.1.6
Comment: Hostname: pgp.mit.edu
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=Xqbo
-----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----

To import the build key into your personal public GPG keyring, use gpg --import. For example, if you have saved the key in a file named mysql_pubkey.asc, the import command looks like this:

$> gpg --import mysql_pubkey.asc
gpg: key 3A79BD29: public key "MySQL Release Engineering
<mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>" imported
gpg: Total number processed: 1
gpg:               imported: 1

You can also download the key from the public keyserver using the public key id, 3A79BD29:

$> gpg --recv-keys 3A79BD29
gpg: requesting key 3A79BD29 from hkp server keys.gnupg.net
gpg: key 3A79BD29: "MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>"
1 new user ID
gpg: key 3A79BD29: "MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>"
53 new signatures
gpg: no ultimately trusted keys found
gpg: Total number processed: 1
gpg:           new user IDs: 1
gpg:         new signatures: 53

If you want to import the key into your RPM configuration to validate RPM install packages, you should be able to import the key directly:

$> rpm --import mysql_pubkey.asc

If you experience problems or require RPM specific information, see Section 2.1.4.4, “Signature Checking Using RPM”.

After you have downloaded and imported the public build key, download your desired MySQL package and the corresponding signature, which also is available from the download page. The signature file has the same name as the distribution file with an .asc extension, as shown by the examples in the following table.

Table 2.1 MySQL Package and Signature Files for Source files

File Type File Name
Distribution file mysql-standard-8.0.30-linux-i686.tar.gz
Signature file mysql-standard-8.0.30-linux-i686.tar.gz.asc

Make sure that both files are stored in the same directory and then run the following command to verify the signature for the distribution file:

$> gpg --verify package_name.asc

If the downloaded package is valid, you should see a Good signature message similar to this:

$> gpg --verify mysql-standard-8.0.30-linux-i686.tar.gz.asc
gpg: Signature made Tue 01 Feb 2011 02:38:30 AM CST using DSA key ID 3A79BD29
gpg: Good signature from "MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>"

The Good signature message indicates that the file signature is valid, when compared to the signature listed on our site. But you might also see warnings, like so:

$> gpg --verify mysql-standard-8.0.30-linux-i686.tar.gz.asc
gpg: Signature made Wed 23 Jan 2013 02:25:45 AM PST using DSA key ID 3A79BD29
gpg: checking the trustdb
gpg: no ultimately trusted keys found
gpg: Good signature from "MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>"
gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
gpg:          There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.
Primary key fingerprint: A4A9 4068 76FC BD3C 4567  70C8 8C71 8D3B 5072 E1F5

That is normal, as they depend on your setup and configuration. Here are explanations for these warnings:

  • gpg: no ultimately trusted keys found: This means that the specific key is not "ultimately trusted" by you or your web of trust, which is okay for the purposes of verifying file signatures.

  • WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature! There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.: This refers to your level of trust in your belief that you possess our real public key. This is a personal decision. Ideally, a MySQL developer would hand you the key in person, but more commonly, you downloaded it. Was the download tampered with? Probably not, but this decision is up to you. Setting up a web of trust is one method for trusting them.

See the GPG documentation for more information on how to work with public keys.