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16.1.5.2 Enabling GTID Transactions Online

This section describes how to enable GTID transactions, and optionally auto-positioning, on servers that are already online and using anonymous transactions. This procedure does not require taking the server offline and is suited to use in production. However, if you have the possibility to take the servers offline when enabling GTID transactions that process is easier.

Before you start, ensure that the servers meet the following pre-conditions:

  • All servers in your topology must use MySQL 5.7.6 or later. You cannot enable GTID transactions online on any single server unless all servers which are in the topology are using this version.

  • All servers have gtid_mode set to the default value OFF.

The following procedure can be paused at any time and later resumed where it was, or reversed by jumping to the corresponding step of Section 16.1.5.3, “Disabling GTID Transactions Online”, the online procedure to disable GTIDs. This makes the procedure fault-tolerant because any unrelated issues that may appear in the middle of the procedure can be handled as usual, and then the procedure continued where it was left off.

Note

It is crucial that you complete every step before continuing to the next step.

To enable GTID transactions:

  1. On each server, execute:

    SET @@GLOBAL.ENFORCE_GTID_CONSISTENCY = WARN;

    Let the server run for a while with your normal workload and monitor the logs. If this step causes any warnings in the log, adjust your application so that it only uses GTID-compatible features and does not generate any warnings.

    Important

    This is the first important step. You must ensure that no warnings are being generated in the error logs before going to the next step.

  2. On each server, execute:

    SET @@GLOBAL.ENFORCE_GTID_CONSISTENCY = ON;
  3. On each server, execute:

    SET @@GLOBAL.GTID_MODE = OFF_PERMISSIVE;

    It does not matter which server executes this statement first, but it is important that all servers complete this step before any server begins the next step.

  4. On each server, execute:

    SET @@GLOBAL.GTID_MODE = ON_PERMISSIVE;

    It does not matter which server executes this statement first.

  5. On each server, wait until the status variable ONGOING_ANONYMOUS_TRANSACTION_COUNT is zero. This can be checked using:

    SHOW STATUS LIKE 'ONGOING_ANONYMOUS_TRANSACTION_COUNT';
    Note

    On a replication slave, it is theoretically possible that this shows zero and then non-zero again. This is not a problem, it suffices that it shows zero once.

  6. Wait for all transactions generated up to step 5 to replicate to all servers. You can do this without stopping updates: the only important thing is that all anonymous transactions get replicated.

    See Section 16.1.5.4, “Verifying Replication of Anonymous Transactions” for one method of checking that all anonymous transactions have replicated to all servers.

  7. If you use binary logs for anything other than replication, for example point in time backup and restore, wait until you do not need the old binary logs having transactions without GTIDs.

    For instance, after step 6 has completed, you can execute FLUSH LOGS on the server where you are taking backups. Then either explicitly take a backup or wait for the next iteration of any periodic backup routine you may have set up.

    Ideally, wait for the server to purge all binary logs that existed when step 6 was completed. Also wait for any backup taken before step 6 to expire.

    Important

    This is the second important point. It is vital to understand that binary logs containing anonymous transactions, without GTIDs cannot be used after the next step. After this step, you must be sure that transactions without GTIDs do not exist anywhere in the topology.

  8. On each server, execute:

    SET @@GLOBAL.GTID_MODE = ON;
  9. On each server, add gtid-mode=ON to my.cnf.

    You are now guaranteed that all transactions have a GTID (except transactions generated in step 5 or earlier, which have already been processed). To start using the GTID protocol so that you can later perform automatic fail-over, execute the following on each slave. Optionally, if you use multi-source replication, do this for each channel and include the FOR CHANNEL channel clause:

    STOP SLAVE [FOR CHANNEL 'channel'];
    CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_AUTO_POSITION = 1 [FOR CHANNEL 'channel'];
    START SLAVE [FOR CHANNEL 'channel'];

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