setup_instruments table lists
classes of instrumented objects for which events can be
mysql> SELECT * FROM performance_schema.setup_instruments\G *************************** 1. row *************************** NAME: wait/synch/mutex/pfs/LOCK_pfs_share_list ENABLED: NO TIMED: NO PROPERTIES: singleton VOLATILITY: 1 DOCUMENTATION: Components can provide their own performance_schema tables. This lock protects the list of such tables definitions. ... *************************** 369. row *************************** NAME: stage/sql/executing ENABLED: NO TIMED: NO PROPERTIES: VOLATILITY: 0 DOCUMENTATION: NULL ... *************************** 687. row *************************** NAME: statement/abstract/Query ENABLED: YES TIMED: YES PROPERTIES: mutable VOLATILITY: 0 DOCUMENTATION: SQL query just received from the network. At this point, the real statement type is unknown, the type will be refined after SQL parsing. ... *************************** 696. row *************************** NAME: memory/performance_schema/metadata_locks ENABLED: YES TIMED: NULL PROPERTIES: global_statistics VOLATILITY: 1 DOCUMENTATION: Memory used for table performance_schema.metadata_locks ...
Each instrument added to the source code provides a row for
setup_instruments table, even
when the instrumented code is not executed. When an instrument
is enabled and executed, instrumented instances are created,
which are visible in the
tables, such as
Modifications to most
setup_instruments rows affect
monitoring immediately. For some instruments, modifications
are effective only at server startup; changing them at runtime
has no effect. This affects primarily mutexes, conditions, and
rwlocks in the server, although there may be other instruments
for which this is true.
setup_instruments table has
The instrument name. Instrument names may have multiple parts and form a hierarchy, as discussed in Chapter 7, Performance Schema Instrument Naming Conventions. Events produced from execution of an instrument have an
EVENT_NAMEvalue that is taken from the instrument
NAMEvalue. (Events do not really have a “name,” but this provides a way to associate events with instruments.)
Whether the instrument is enabled. The value is
NO. A disabled instrument produces no events. This column can be modified, although setting
ENABLEDhas no effect for instruments that have already been created.
Whether the instrument is timed. The value is
NULL. This column can be modified, although setting
TIMEDhas no effect for instruments that have already been created.
NULLindicates that the instrument does not support timing. For example, memory operations are not timed, so their
NULLfor an instrument that supports timing has no effect, as does setting
NULLfor an instrument that does not support timing.
If an enabled instrument is not timed, the instrument code is enabled, but the timer is not. Events produced by the instrument have
TIMER_WAITtimer values. This in turn causes those values to be ignored when calculating the sum, minimum, maximum, and average time values in summary tables.
The instrument properties. This column uses the
SETdata type, so multiple flags from the following list can be set per instrument:
global_statistics: The instrument produces only global summaries. Summaries for finer levels are unavailable, such as per thread, account, user, or host. For example, most memory instruments produce only global summaries.
mutable: The instrument can “mutate” into a more specific one. This property applies only to statement instruments.
progress: The instrument is capable of reporting progress data. This property applies only to stage instruments.
singleton: The instrument has a single instance. For example, most global mutex locks in the server are singletons, so the corresponding instruments are as well.
user: The instrument is directly related to user workload (as opposed to system workload). One such instrument is
The instrument volatility. Volatility values range from low to high. The values correspond to the
PSI_VOLATILITY_constants defined in the
#define PSI_VOLATILITY_UNKNOWN 0 #define PSI_VOLATILITY_PERMANENT 1 #define PSI_VOLATILITY_PROVISIONING 2 #define PSI_VOLATILITY_DDL 3 #define PSI_VOLATILITY_CACHE 4 #define PSI_VOLATILITY_SESSION 5 #define PSI_VOLATILITY_TRANSACTION 6 #define PSI_VOLATILITY_QUERY 7 #define PSI_VOLATILITY_INTRA_QUERY 8
VOLATILITYcolumn is purely informational, to provide users (and the Performance Schema code) some hint about the instrument runtime behavior.
Instruments with a low volatility index (PERMANENT = 1) are created once at server startup, and never destroyed or re-created during normal server operation. They are destroyed only during server shutdown.
For example, the
wait/synch/mutex/pfs/LOCK_pfs_share_listmutex is defined with a volatility of 1, which means it is created once. Possible overhead from the instrumentation itself (namely, mutex initialization) has no effect for this instrument then. Runtime overhead occurs only when locking or unlocking the mutex.
Instruments with a higher volatility index (for example, SESSION = 5) are created and destroyed for every user session. For example, the
wait/synch/mutex/sql/THD::LOCK_query_planmutex is created each time a session connects, and destroyed when the session disconnects.
This mutex is more sensitive to Performance Schema overhead, because overhead comes not only from the lock and unlock instrumentation, but also from mutex create and destroy instrumentation, which is executed more often.
Another aspect of volatility concerns whether and when an update to the
ENABLEDcolumn actually has some effect:
An update to
ENABLEDaffects instrumented objects created subsequently, but has no effect on instruments already created.
Instruments that are more “volatile” use new settings from the
For example, this statement does not affect the
LOCK_query_planmutex for existing sessions, but does have an effect on new sessions created subsequent to the update:
UPDATE performance_schema.setup_instruments SET ENABLED=value WHERE NAME = 'wait/synch/mutex/sql/THD::LOCK_query_plan';
This statement actually has no effect at all:
UPDATE performance_schema.setup_instruments SET ENABLED=value WHERE NAME = 'wait/synch/mutex/pfs/LOCK_pfs_share_list';
This mutex is permanent, and was created already before the update is executed. The mutex is never created again, so the
setup_instrumentsis never used. To enable or disable this mutex, use the
A string describing the instrument purpose. The value is
NULLif no description is available.
setup_instruments table has
Primary key on (
As of MySQL 8.0.27, to assist monitoring and troubleshooting, the Performance Schema instrumentation is used to export names of instrumented threads to the operating system. This enables utilities that display thread names, such as debuggers and the Unix ps command, to display distinct mysqld thread names rather than “mysqld”. This feature is supported only on Linux, macOS, and Windows.
Suppose that mysqld is running on a system that has a version of ps that supports this invocation syntax:
ps -C mysqld H -o "pid tid cmd comm"
Without export of thread names to the operating system, the
command displays output like this, where most
COMMAND values are
PID TID CMD COMMAND 1377 1377 /usr/sbin/mysqld mysqld 1377 1528 /usr/sbin/mysqld mysqld 1377 1529 /usr/sbin/mysqld mysqld 1377 1530 /usr/sbin/mysqld mysqld 1377 1531 /usr/sbin/mysqld mysqld 1377 1534 /usr/sbin/mysqld mysqld 1377 1535 /usr/sbin/mysqld mysqld 1377 1588 /usr/sbin/mysqld xpl_worker1 1377 1589 /usr/sbin/mysqld xpl_worker0 1377 1590 /usr/sbin/mysqld mysqld 1377 1594 /usr/sbin/mysqld mysqld 1377 1595 /usr/sbin/mysqld mysqld
With export of thread names to the operating system, the output looks like this, with threads having a name similar to their instrument name:
PID TID CMD COMMAND 27668 27668 /usr/sbin/mysqld mysqld 27668 27671 /usr/sbin/mysqld ib_io_ibuf 27668 27672 /usr/sbin/mysqld ib_io_log 27668 27673 /usr/sbin/mysqld ib_io_rd-1 27668 27674 /usr/sbin/mysqld ib_io_rd-2 27668 27677 /usr/sbin/mysqld ib_io_wr-1 27668 27678 /usr/sbin/mysqld ib_io_wr-2 27668 27699 /usr/sbin/mysqld xpl_worker-2 27668 27700 /usr/sbin/mysqld xpl_accept-1 27668 27710 /usr/sbin/mysqld evt_sched 27668 27711 /usr/sbin/mysqld sig_handler 27668 27933 /usr/sbin/mysqld connection
Different thread instances within the same class are numbered
to provide distinct names where that is feasible. Due to
constraints on name lengths with respect to potentially large
numbers of connections, connections are named simply