MySQL Performance Schema  /  Performance Schema Instrument Naming Conventions

Chapter 7 Performance Schema Instrument Naming Conventions

An instrument name consists of a sequence of elements separated by '/' characters. Example names:

stage/sql/closing tables
stage/sql/Sorting result

The instrument name space has a tree-like structure. The elements of an instrument name from left to right provide a progression from more general to more specific. The number of elements a name has depends on the type of instrument.

The interpretation of a given element in a name depends on the elements to the left of it. For example, myisam appears in both of the following names, but myisam in the first name is related to file I/O, whereas in the second it is related to a synchronization instrument:


Instrument names consist of a prefix with a structure defined by the Performance Schema implementation and a suffix defined by the developer implementing the instrument code. The top-level element of an instrument prefix indicates the type of instrument. This element also determines which event timer in the performance_timers table applies to the instrument. For the prefix part of instrument names, the top level indicates the type of instrument.

The suffix part of instrument names comes from the code for the instruments themselves. Suffixes may include levels such as these:

  • A name for the major element (a server module such as myisam, innodb, mysys, or sql) or a plugin name.

  • The name of a variable in the code, in the form XXX (a global variable) or CCC::MMM (a member MMM in class CCC). Examples: COND_thread_cache, THR_LOCK_myisam, BINLOG::LOCK_index.

Top-Level Instrument Elements

  • idle: An instrumented idle event. This instrument has no further elements.

  • error: An instrumented error event. This instrument has no further elements.

  • memory: An instrumented memory event.

  • stage: An instrumented stage event.

  • statement: An instrumented statement event.

  • transaction: An instrumented transaction event. This instrument has no further elements.

  • wait: An instrumented wait event.

Idle Instrument Elements

The idle instrument is used for idle events, which The Performance Schema generates as discussed in the description of the socket_instances.STATE column in Section 10.3.5, “The socket_instances Table”.

Error Instrument Elements

The error instrument indicates whether to collect information for server errors and warnings. This instrument is enabled by default. The TIMED column for the error row in the setup_instruments table is inapplicable because timing information is not collected.

Memory Instrument Elements

Memory instrumentation is enabled by default. Memory instrumentation can be enabled or disabled at startup, or dynamically at runtime by updating the ENABLED column of the relevant instruments in the setup_instruments table. Memory instruments have names of the form memory/code_area/instrument_name where code_area is a value such as sql or myisam, and instrument_name is the instrument detail.

Instruments named with the prefix memory/performance_schema/ expose how much memory is allocated for internal buffers in the Performance Schema. The memory/performance_schema/ instruments are built in, always enabled, and cannot be disabled at startup or runtime. Built-in memory instruments are displayed only in the memory_summary_global_by_event_name table. For more information, see The Performance Schema Memory-Allocation Model.

Stage Instrument Elements

Stage instruments have names of the form stage/code_area/stage_name, where code_area is a value such as sql or myisam, and stage_name indicates the stage of statement processing, such as Sorting result or Sending data. Stages correspond to the thread states displayed by SHOW PROCESSLIST or that are visible in the Information Schema PROCESSLIST table.

Statement Instrument Elements

  • statement/abstract/*: An abstract instrument for statement operations. Abstract instruments are used during the early stages of statement classification before the exact statement type is known, then changed to a more specific statement instrument when the type is known. For a description of this process, see Section 10.6, “Performance Schema Statement Event Tables”.

  • statement/com: An instrumented command operation. These have names corresponding to COM_xxx operations (see the mysql_com.h header file and sql/ For example, the statement/com/Connect and statement/com/Init DB instruments correspond to the COM_CONNECT and COM_INIT_DB commands.

  • statement/scheduler/event: A single instrument to track all events executed by the Event Scheduler. This instrument comes into play when a scheduled event begins executing.

  • statement/sp: An instrumented internal instruction executed by a stored program. For example, the statement/sp/cfetch and statement/sp/freturn instruments are used cursor fetch and function return instructions.

  • statement/sql: An instrumented SQL statement operation. For example, the statement/sql/create_db and statement/sql/select instruments are used for CREATE DATABASE and SELECT statements.

Thread Instrument Elements

Instrumented threads are displayed in the setup_threads table, which exposes thread class names and attributes.

Thread instruments begin with thread (for example, thread/sql/parser_service or thread/performance_schema/setup).

The names of thread instruments for ndbcluster plugin threads begin with thread/ndbcluster/; for more information about these, see ndbcluster Plugin Threads.

Wait Instrument Elements

  • wait/io

    An instrumented I/O operation.

    • wait/io/file

      An instrumented file I/O operation. For files, the wait is the time waiting for the file operation to complete (for example, a call to fwrite()). Due to caching, the physical file I/O on the disk might not happen within this call.

    • wait/io/socket

      An instrumented socket operation. Socket instruments have names of the form wait/io/socket/sql/socket_type. The server has a listening socket for each network protocol that it supports. The instruments associated with listening sockets for TCP/IP or Unix socket file connections have a socket_type value of server_tcpip_socket or server_unix_socket, respectively. When a listening socket detects a connection, the server transfers the connection to a new socket managed by a separate thread. The instrument for the new connection thread has a socket_type value of client_connection.

    • wait/io/table

      An instrumented table I/O operation. These include row-level accesses to persistent base tables or temporary tables. Operations that affect rows are fetch, insert, update, and delete. For a view, waits are associated with base tables referenced by the view.

      Unlike most waits, a table I/O wait can include other waits. For example, table I/O might include file I/O or memory operations. Thus, events_waits_current for a table I/O wait usually has two rows. For more information, see Performance Schema Atom and Molecule Events.

      Some row operations might cause multiple table I/O waits. For example, an insert might activate a trigger that causes an update.

  • wait/lock

    An instrumented lock operation.

    • wait/lock/table

      An instrumented table lock operation.

    • wait/lock/metadata/sql/mdl

      An instrumented metadata lock operation.

  • wait/synch

    An instrumented synchronization object. For synchronization objects, the TIMER_WAIT time includes the amount of time blocked while attempting to acquire a lock on the object, if any.

    • wait/synch/cond

      A condition is used by one thread to signal to other threads that something they were waiting for has happened. If a single thread was waiting for a condition, it can wake up and proceed with its execution. If several threads were waiting, they can all wake up and compete for the resource for which they were waiting.

    • wait/synch/mutex

      A mutual exclusion object used to permit access to a resource (such as a section of executable code) while preventing other threads from accessing the resource.

    • wait/synch/prlock

      A priority rwlock lock object.

    • wait/synch/rwlock

      A plain read/write lock object used to lock a specific variable for access while preventing its use by other threads. A shared read lock can be acquired simultaneously by multiple threads. An exclusive write lock can be acquired by only one thread at a time.

    • wait/synch/sxlock

      A shared-exclusive (SX) lock is a type of rwlock lock object that provides write access to a common resource while permitting inconsistent reads by other threads. sxlocks optimize concurrency and improve scalability for read-write workloads.