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MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  The Event Scheduler and MySQL Privileges

27.4.6 The Event Scheduler and MySQL Privileges

To enable or disable the execution of scheduled events, it is necessary to set the value of the global event_scheduler system variable. This requires privileges sufficient to set global system variables. See Section, “System Variable Privileges”.

The EVENT privilege governs the creation, modification, and deletion of events. This privilege can be bestowed using GRANT. For example, this GRANT statement confers the EVENT privilege for the schema named myschema on the user jon@ghidora:

GRANT EVENT ON myschema.* TO jon@ghidora;

(We assume that this user account already exists, and that we wish for it to remain unchanged otherwise.)

To grant this same user the EVENT privilege on all schemas, use the following statement:

GRANT EVENT ON *.* TO jon@ghidora;

The EVENT privilege has global or schema-level scope. Therefore, trying to grant it on a single table results in an error as shown:

mysql> GRANT EVENT ON myschema.mytable TO jon@ghidora;
ERROR 1144 (42000): Illegal GRANT/REVOKE command; please
consult the manual to see which privileges can be used

It is important to understand that an event is executed with the privileges of its definer, and that it cannot perform any actions for which its definer does not have the requisite privileges. For example, suppose that jon@ghidora has the EVENT privilege for myschema. Suppose also that this user has the SELECT privilege for myschema, but no other privileges for this schema. It is possible for jon@ghidora to create a new event such as this one:

CREATE EVENT e_store_ts
      INSERT INTO myschema.mytable VALUES (UNIX_TIMESTAMP());

The user waits for a minute or so, and then performs a SELECT * FROM mytable; query, expecting to see several new rows in the table. Instead, the table is empty. Since the user does not have the INSERT privilege for the table in question, the event has no effect.

If you inspect the MySQL error log (hostname.err), you can see that the event is executing, but the action it is attempting to perform fails:

2013-09-24T12:41:31.261992Z 25 [ERROR] Event Scheduler:
[jon@ghidora][cookbook.e_store_ts] INSERT command denied to user
'jon'@'ghidora' for table 'mytable'
2013-09-24T12:41:31.262022Z 25 [Note] Event Scheduler:
[jon@ghidora].[myschema.e_store_ts] event execution failed.
2013-09-24T12:41:41.271796Z 26 [ERROR] Event Scheduler:
[jon@ghidora][cookbook.e_store_ts] INSERT command denied to user
'jon'@'ghidora' for table 'mytable'
2013-09-24T12:41:41.272761Z 26 [Note] Event Scheduler:
[jon@ghidora].[myschema.e_store_ts] event execution failed.

Since this user very likely does not have access to the error log, it is possible to verify whether the event's action statement is valid by executing it directly:

mysql> INSERT INTO myschema.mytable VALUES (UNIX_TIMESTAMP());
ERROR 1142 (42000): INSERT command denied to user
'jon'@'ghidora' for table 'mytable'

Inspection of the Information Schema EVENTS table shows that e_store_ts exists and is enabled, but its LAST_EXECUTED column is NULL:

     >     WHERE EVENT_NAME='e_store_ts'
     >     AND EVENT_SCHEMA='myschema'\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
    EVENT_SCHEMA: myschema
      EVENT_NAME: e_store_ts
         DEFINER: jon@ghidora
        SQL_MODE: NULL
          STARTS: 0000-00-00 00:00:00
            ENDS: 0000-00-00 00:00:00
         CREATED: 2006-02-09 22:36:06
    LAST_ALTERED: 2006-02-09 22:36:06
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

To rescind the EVENT privilege, use the REVOKE statement. In this example, the EVENT privilege on the schema myschema is removed from the jon@ghidora user account:

REVOKE EVENT ON myschema.* FROM jon@ghidora;

Revoking the EVENT privilege from a user does not delete or disable any events that may have been created by that user.

An event is not migrated or dropped as a result of renaming or dropping the user who created it.

Suppose that the user jon@ghidora has been granted the EVENT and INSERT privileges on the myschema schema. This user then creates the following event:

      INSERT INTO myschema.mytable;

After this event has been created, root revokes the EVENT privilege for jon@ghidora. However, e_insert continues to execute, inserting a new row into mytable each seven seconds. The same would be true if root had issued either of these statements:

  • DROP USER jon@ghidora;

  • RENAME USER jon@ghidora TO someotherguy@ghidora;

You can verify that this is true by examining the Information Schema EVENTS table before and after issuing a DROP USER or RENAME USER statement.

Event definitions are stored in the data dictionary. To drop an event created by another user account, you must be the MySQL root user or another user with the necessary privileges.

Users' EVENT privileges are stored in the Event_priv columns of the mysql.user and mysql.db tables. In both cases, this column holds one of the values 'Y' or 'N'. 'N' is the default. mysql.user.Event_priv is set to 'Y' for a given user only if that user has the global EVENT privilege (that is, if the privilege was bestowed using GRANT EVENT ON *.*). For a schema-level EVENT privilege, GRANT creates a row in mysql.db and sets that row's Db column to the name of the schema, the User column to the name of the user, and the Event_priv column to 'Y'. There should never be any need to manipulate these tables directly, since the GRANT EVENT and REVOKE EVENT statements perform the required operations on them.

Five status variables provide counts of event-related operations (but not of statements executed by events; see Section 27.8, “Restrictions on Stored Programs”). These are:

  • Com_create_event: The number of CREATE EVENT statements executed since the last server restart.

  • Com_alter_event: The number of ALTER EVENT statements executed since the last server restart.

  • Com_drop_event: The number of DROP EVENT statements executed since the last server restart.

  • Com_show_create_event: The number of SHOW CREATE EVENT statements executed since the last server restart.

  • Com_show_events: The number of SHOW EVENTS statements executed since the last server restart.

You can view current values for all of these at one time by running the statement SHOW STATUS LIKE '%event%';.