MySQL includes a test plugin that checks account credentials and logs success or failure to the server error log. This is a loadable plugin (not built in) and must be installed prior to use.
The test plugin source code is separate from the server source, unlike the built-in native plugin, so it can be examined as a relatively simple example demonstrating how to write a loadable authentication plugin.
This plugin is intended for testing and development purposes, and is not for use in production environments or on servers that are exposed to public networks.
The following table shows the plugin and library file names. The
file name suffix might differ on your system. The file must be
located in the directory named by the
plugin_dir system variable.
Table 6.13 Plugin and Library Names for Test Authentication
|Plugin or File||Plugin or File Name|
The following sections provide installation and usage information specific to test pluggable authentication:
For general information about pluggable authentication in MySQL, see Section 4.17, “Pluggable Authentication”.
This section describes how to install the server-side test authentication plugin. For general information about installing plugins, see Installing and Uninstalling Plugins.
To be usable by the server, the plugin library file must be
located in the MySQL plugin directory (the directory named by
variable). If necessary, configure the plugin directory
location by setting the value of
plugin_dir at server startup.
To load the plugin at server startup, use the
--plugin-load-add option to
name the library file that contains it. With this
plugin-loading method, the option must be given each time the
server starts. For example, put these lines in the server
my.cnf file, adjusting the
.so suffix for your platform as
my.cnf, restart the
server to cause the new settings to take effect.
Alternatively, to load the plugin at runtime, use this
statement, adjusting the
.so suffix for
your platform as necessary:
INSTALL PLUGIN test_plugin_server SONAME 'auth_test_plugin.so';
INSTALL PLUGIN loads the plugin
immediately, and also registers it in the
mysql.plugins system table to cause the
server to load it for each subsequent normal startup without
the need for
To verify plugin installation, examine the Information Schema
PLUGINS table or use the
SHOW PLUGINS statement (see
Obtaining Server Plugin Information). For example:
mysql> SELECT PLUGIN_NAME, PLUGIN_STATUS FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.PLUGINS WHERE PLUGIN_NAME LIKE '%test_plugin%'; +--------------------+---------------+ | PLUGIN_NAME | PLUGIN_STATUS | +--------------------+---------------+ | test_plugin_server | ACTIVE | +--------------------+---------------+
If the plugin fails to initialize, check the server error log for diagnostic messages.
To associate MySQL accounts with the test plugin, see Using Test Pluggable Authentication.
The method used to uninstall the test authentication plugin depends on how you installed it:
If you installed the plugin at server startup using a
--plugin-load-addoption, restart the server without the option.
If you installed the plugin at runtime using an
INSTALL PLUGINstatement, it remains installed across server restarts. To uninstall it, use
UNINSTALL PLUGIN test_plugin_server;
To use the test authentication plugin, create an account and
name that plugin in the
CREATE USER 'testuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH test_plugin_server BY 'testpassword';
The test authentication plugin also requires creating a proxy user as follows:
CREATE USER testpassword@localhost; GRANT PROXY ON testpassword@localhost TO testuser@localhost;
Then provide the
--password options for that
account when you connect to the server. For example:
$> mysql --user=testuser --password Enter password: testpassword
The plugin fetches the password as received from the client
and compares it with the value stored in the
authentication_string column of the account
row in the
mysql.user system table. If the
two values match, the plugin returns the
authentication_string value as the new
effective user ID.
You can look in the server error log for a message indicating whether authentication succeeded (notice that the password is reported as the “user”):
[Note] Plugin test_plugin_server reported: 'successfully authenticated user testpassword'