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MySQL 8.4 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  Program Option Modifiers Program Option Modifiers

Some options are boolean and control behavior that can be turned on or off. For example, the mysql client supports a --column-names option that determines whether or not to display a row of column names at the beginning of query results. By default, this option is enabled. However, you may want to disable it in some instances, such as when sending the output of mysql into another program that expects to see only data and not an initial header line.

To disable column names, you can specify the option using any of these forms:


The --disable and --skip prefixes and the =0 suffix all have the same effect: They turn the option off.

The enabled form of the option may be specified in any of these ways:


The values ON, TRUE, OFF, and FALSE are also recognized for boolean options (not case-sensitive).

If an option is prefixed by --loose, a program does not exit with an error if it does not recognize the option, but instead issues only a warning:

$> mysql --loose-no-such-option
mysql: WARNING: unknown option '--loose-no-such-option'

The --loose prefix can be useful when you run programs from multiple installations of MySQL on the same machine and list options in an option file. An option that may not be recognized by all versions of a program can be given using the --loose prefix (or loose in an option file). Versions of the program that recognize the option process it normally, and versions that do not recognize it issue a warning and ignore it.

The --maximum prefix is available for mysqld only and permits a limit to be placed on how large client programs can set session system variables. To do this, use a --maximum prefix with the variable name. For example, --maximum-max_heap_table_size=32M prevents any client from making the heap table size limit larger than 32M.

The --maximum prefix is intended for use with system variables that have a session value. If applied to a system variable that has only a global value, an error occurs. For example, with --maximum-back_log=200, the server produces this error:

Maximum value of 'back_log' cannot be set