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MySQL Replication  /  Configuring Replication  /  MySQL Multi-Source Replication

2.5 MySQL Multi-Source Replication

MySQL multi-source replication enables a replica to receive transactions from multiple immediate sources in parallel. In a multi-source replication topology, a replica creates a replication channel for each source that it should receive transactions from. For more information on how replication channels function, see Section 5.3, “Replication Channels”.

You might choose to implement multi-source replication to achieve goals like these:

  • Backing up multiple servers to a single server.

  • Merging table shards.

  • Consolidating data from multiple servers to a single server.

Multi-source replication does not implement any conflict detection or resolution when applying transactions, and those tasks are left to the application if required.

Note

Each channel on a multi-source replica must replicate from a different source. You cannot set up multiple replication channels from a single replica to a single source. This is because the server IDs of replicas must be unique in a replication topology. The source distinguishes replicas only by their server IDs, not by the names of the replication channels, so it cannot recognize different replication channels from the same replica.

A rmulti-source replica can also be set up as a multi-threaded replica, by setting the slave_parallel_workers system variable to a value greater than 0. When you do this on a multi-source replica, each channel on the replica has the specified number of applier threads, plus a coordinator thread to manage them. You cannot configure the number of applier threads for individual channels.

From MySQL 8.0, multi-source replicas can be configured with replication filters on specific replication channels. Channel specific replication filters can be used when the same database or table is present on multiple sources, and you only need the replica to replicate it from one source. For more information, see Section 5.5.4, “Replication Channel Based Filters”.

This section provides tutorials on how to configure sources and replicas for multi-source replication, how to start, stop and reset multi-source replicas, and how to monitor multi-source replication.