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MySQL Replication  /  ...  /  Configuring Multi-Source Replication

2.5.1 Configuring Multi-Source Replication

A multi-source replication topology requires at least two sources and one replica configured. In these tutorials, we assume that you have two sources source1 and source2, and a replica replicahost. The replica replicates one database from each of the sources, db1 from source1 and db2 from source2.

Sources in a multi-source replication topology can be configured to use either GTID-based replication, or binary log position-based replication. See Section 2.3.4, “Setting Up Replication Using GTIDs” for how to configure a source using GTID-based replication. See Section 2.2.1, “Setting the Replication Source Configuration” for how to configure a source using file position based replication.

Replicas in a multi-source replication topology require TABLE repositories for the replica's connection metadata repository and applier metadata repository, which are the default in MySQL 8.0. Multi-source replication is not compatible with the deprecated alternative file repositories.

Create a suitable user account on all the sources that the replica can use to connect. You can use the same account on all the sources, or a different account on each. If you create an account solely for the purposes of replication, that account needs only the REPLICATION SLAVE privilege. For example, to set up a new user, ted, that can connect from the replica replicahost, use the mysql client to issue these statements on each of the sources:

mysql> CREATE USER 'ted'@'replicahost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
mysql> GRANT REPLICATION SLAVE ON *.* TO 'ted'@'replicahost';

For more details, and important information on the default authentication plugin for new users from MySQL 8.0, see Section 2.2.3, “Creating a User for Replication”.