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MySQL 5.6 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  Audit Log Filtering

6.5.4.5 Audit Log Filtering

The audit_log plugin can filter audited events. This enables you to control whether audited events are written to the audit log file based on the account from which events originate or event status. Status filtering occurs separately for connection events and statement events.

Event Filtering by Account

As of MySQL 5.6.20, to filter audited events based on the originating account, set one of these system variables at server startup or runtime:

  • audit_log_include_accounts: The accounts to include in audit logging. If this variable is set, only these accounts are audited.

  • audit_log_exclude_accounts: The accounts to exclude from audit logging. If this variable is set, all but these accounts are audited.

The value for either variable can be NULL or a string containing one or more comma-separated account names, each in user_name@host_name format. By default, both variables are NULL, in which case, no account filtering is done and auditing occurs for all accounts.

Modifications to audit_log_include_accounts or audit_log_exclude_accounts affect only connections created subsequent to the modification, not existing connections.

Example: To enable audit logging only for the user1 and user2 local host account accounts, set the audit_log_include_accounts system variable like this:

SET GLOBAL audit_log_include_accounts = 'user1@localhost,user2@localhost';

Only one of audit_log_include_accounts or audit_log_exclude_accounts can be non-NULL at a time:

-- This sets audit_log_exclude_accounts to NULL
SET GLOBAL audit_log_include_accounts = value;

-- This fails because audit_log_include_accounts is not NULL
SET GLOBAL audit_log_exclude_accounts = value;

-- To set audit_log_exclude_accounts, first set
-- audit_log_include_accounts to NULL
SET GLOBAL audit_log_include_accounts = NULL;
SET GLOBAL audit_log_exclude_accounts = value;

If you inspect the value of either variable, be aware that SHOW VARIABLES displays NULL as an empty string. To avoid this, use SELECT instead:

mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'audit_log_include_accounts';
+----------------------------+-------+
| Variable_name              | Value |
+----------------------------+-------+
| audit_log_include_accounts |       |
+----------------------------+-------+
mysql> SELECT @@audit_log_include_accounts;
+------------------------------+
| @@audit_log_include_accounts |
+------------------------------+
| NULL                         |
+------------------------------+

If a user name or host name requires quoting because it contains a comma, space, or other special character, quote it using single quotes. If the variable value itself is quoted with single quotes, double each inner single quote or escape it with a backslash. The following statements each enable audit logging for the local root account and are equivalent, even though the quoting styles differ:

SET GLOBAL audit_log_include_accounts = 'root@localhost';
SET GLOBAL audit_log_include_accounts = '''root''@''localhost''';
SET GLOBAL audit_log_include_accounts = '\'root\'@\'localhost\'';
SET GLOBAL audit_log_include_accounts = "'root'@'localhost'";

The last statement will not work if the ANSI_QUOTES SQL mode is enabled because in that mode double quotes signify identifier quoting, not string quoting.

Event Filtering by Status

As of MySQL 5.6.20, to filter audited events based on status, set these system variables at server startup or runtime:

Each variable takes a value of ALL (log all associated events; this is the default), ERRORS (log only failed events), or NONE (do not log events). For example, to log all statement events but only failed connection events, use these settings:

SET GLOBAL audit_log_statement_policy = ALL;
SET GLOBAL audit_log_connection_policy = ERRORS;

Before MySQL 5.6.20, audit_log_connection_policy and audit_log_statement_policy are not available. Instead, use audit_log_policy at server startup or runtime. It takes a value of ALL (log all events; this is the default), LOGINS (log connection events), QUERIES (log statement events), or NONE (do not log events). For any of those values, the audit log plugin logs all selected events without distinction as to success or failure.

As of MySQL 5.6.20, audit_log_policy is still available but can be set only at server startup. At runtime, it is a read-only variable. Its use at startup works as follows:

  • If you do not set audit_log_policy or set it to its default of ALL, any explicit settings for audit_log_connection_policy or audit_log_statement_policy apply as specified. If not specified, they default to ALL.

  • If you set audit_log_policy to a non-ALL value, that value takes precedence over and is used to set audit_log_connection_policy and audit_log_statement_policy, as indicated in the following table. If you also set either of those variables to a value other than their default of ALL, the server writes a message to the error log to indicate that their values are being overridden.

    Startup audit_log_policy ValueResulting audit_log_connection_policy ValueResulting audit_log_statement_policy Value
    LOGINSALLNONE
    QUERIESNONEALL
    NONENONENONE

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