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This chapter contains information about MySQL
Cluster, which is a high-availability, high-redundancy
version of MySQL adapted for the distributed computing environment.
Recent releases of MySQL Cluster use version 7 of the
NDB storage engine (also known as
NDBCLUSTER) to enable running several
computers with MySQL servers and other software in a cluster; the
latest releases available for production, MySQL Cluster NDB 7.3,
NDB version 7.3. This chapter also
contains information about MySQL Cluster NDB 7.4, which uses version
7.4 of the
NDB storage engine, and which is now
available in a Developer Milestone release.
Support for the
NDB storage engine is
not included in standard MySQL Server 5.6 binaries built by Oracle.
Instead, users of MySQL Cluster binaries from Oracle should upgrade
to the most recent binary release of MySQL Cluster for supported
platforms—these include RPMs that should work with most Linux
distributions. MySQL Cluster users who build from source should use
the sources provided for MySQL Cluster. (Locations where the sources
can be obtained are listed later in this section.)
This chapter contains information about MySQL Cluster NDB 7.3 releases through 5.6.24-ndb-7.3.10 as well as MySQL Cluster NDB 7.4 releases through 5.6.24-ndb-7.4.7. Currently, the MySQL Cluster NDB 7.3 release series is Generally Available (GA), and MySQL Cluster 7.4 available for developer preview. MySQL Cluster NDB 7.2, MySQL Cluster NDB 7.1, and MySQL Cluster NDB 7.0 are previous GA release series; although they are still supported, we recommend that new deployments use MySQL Cluster NDB 7.3. For information about MySQL Cluster NDB 7.2, see MySQL Cluster NDB 7.2; for information about MySQL Cluster NDB 7.1, and previous versions of MySQL Cluster, see http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/mysql-cluster.
Supported Platforms. MySQL Cluster is currently available and supported on a number of platforms. For exact levels of support available for on specific combinations of operating system versions, operating system distributions, and hardware platforms, please refer to http://www.mysql.com/support/supportedplatforms/cluster.html.
Availability. MySQL Cluster binary and source packages are available for supported platforms from http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/cluster/.
MySQL Cluster release numbers.
MySQL Cluster follows a somewhat different release pattern from
the mainline MySQL Server 5.6 series of releases. In this
Manual and other MySQL documentation, we
identify these and later MySQL Cluster releases employing a
version number that begins with “NDB”. This version
number is that of the
storage engine used in the release, and not of the MySQL server
version on which the MySQL Cluster release is based.
Version strings used in MySQL Cluster software. The version string displayed by MySQL Cluster programs uses this format:
mysql_server_version represents the
version of the MySQL Server on which the MySQL Cluster release is
based. For all MySQL Cluster NDB 7.3 and current MySQL Cluster NDB
7.4 releases, this is “5.6”.
ndb_engine_version is the version of the
NDB storage engine used by this release
of the MySQL Cluster software. You can see this format used in the
mysql client, as shown here:
mysqlWelcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 2 Server version: 5.6.24-ndb-7.4.7 Source distribution Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer. mysql>
SELECT VERSION()\G*************************** 1. row *************************** VERSION(): 5.6.24-ndb-7.4.7 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
This version string is also displayed in the output of the
SHOW command in the ndb_mgm
SHOWConnected to Management Server at: localhost:1186 Cluster Configuration --------------------- [ndbd(NDB)] 2 node(s) id=1 @10.0.10.6 (5.6.24-ndb-7.4.7, Nodegroup: 0, *) id=2 @10.0.10.8 (5.6.24-ndb-7.4.7, Nodegroup: 0) [ndb_mgmd(MGM)] 1 node(s) id=3 @10.0.10.2 (5.6.24-ndb-7.4.7) [mysqld(API)] 2 node(s) id=4 @10.0.10.10 (5.6.24-ndb-7.4.7) id=5 (not connected, accepting connect from any host)
The version string identifies the mainline MySQL version from which
the MySQL Cluster release was branched and the version of the
NDB storage engine used. For example,
the full version string for MySQL Cluster NDB 7.4.4 (the first MySQL
Cluster NDB 7.4 GA release) is
mysql-5.6.23-ndb-7.4.4. From this we can
determine the following:
Since the portion of the version string preceding
-ndb-” is the base MySQL Server
version, this means that MySQL Cluster NDB 7.4.4 derives from
MySQL 5.6.23, and contains all feature enhancements and bugfixes
from MySQL 5.6 up to and including MySQL 5.6.23.
Since the portion of the version string following
-ndb-” represents the version
number of the
NDBCLUSTER) storage engine, MySQL
Cluster NDB 7.4.4 uses version 7.4.4 of the
NDBCLUSTER storage engine.
New MySQL Cluster releases are numbered according to updates in the
NDB storage engine, and do not necessarily
correspond in a one-to-one fashion with mainline MySQL Server
releases. For example, MySQL Cluster NDB 7.4.4 (as previously noted)
is based on MySQL 5.6.23, while MySQL Cluster NDB 7.4.3 was based on
MySQL 5.6.22 (version string:
Compatibility with standard MySQL 5.6 releases.
While many standard MySQL schemas and applications can work using
MySQL Cluster, it is also true that unmodified applications and
database schemas may be slightly incompatible or have suboptimal
performance when run using MySQL Cluster (see
Section 18.1.6, “Known Limitations of MySQL Cluster”). Most of these issues
can be overcome, but this also means that you are very unlikely to
be able to switch an existing application datastore—that
currently uses, for example,
InnoDB—to use the
NDB storage engine without allowing
for the possibility of changes in schemas, queries, and
applications. In addition, the MySQL Server and MySQL Cluster
codebases diverge considerably, so that the standard
mysqld cannot function as a drop-in replacement
for the version of mysqld supplied with MySQL
MySQL Cluster development source trees. MySQL Cluster development trees can also be accessed from https://github.com/mysql/mysql-server.
The MySQL Cluster development sources maintained at https://github.com/mysql/mysql-server are licensed under the GPL. For information about obtaining MySQL sources using Bazaar and building them yourself, see Section 2.9.3, “Installing MySQL Using a Development Source Tree”.
As with MySQL Server 5.6, MySQL Cluster NDB 7.3 and MySQL Cluster NDB 7.4 releases are built using CMake.
Currently, MySQL Cluster NDB 7.3 and MySQL Cluster NDB 7.4 releases are Generally Available (GA). We recommend that new deployments use MySQL Cluster NDB 7.4. MySQL Cluster NDB 7.1 and earlier versions are no longer in active development. For an overview of major features added in MySQL Cluster NDB 7.4, see Section 126.96.36.199, “MySQL Cluster Development in MySQL Cluster NDB 7.4”. For similar information about MySQL Cluster NDB 7.3, see Section 188.8.131.52, “MySQL Cluster Development in MySQL Cluster NDB 7.3”. For an overview of major features added in past MySQL Cluster releases, see http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/mysql-cluster-development.html, and MySQL Cluster Development History.
This chapter represents a work in progress, and its contents are subject to revision as MySQL Cluster continues to evolve. Additional information regarding MySQL Cluster can be found on the MySQL Web site at http://www.mysql.com/products/cluster/.
Additional Resources. More information about MySQL Cluster can be found in the following places:
For answers to some commonly asked questions about MySQL Cluster, see Section A.10, “MySQL 5.6 FAQ: MySQL Cluster”.
The MySQL Cluster mailing list: http://lists.mysql.com/cluster.
The MySQL Cluster Forum: http://forums.mysql.com/list.php?25.
Many MySQL Cluster users and developers blog about their experiences with MySQL Cluster, and make feeds of these available through PlanetMySQL.