MySQL Enterprise Audit is an extension included in MySQL Enterprise Edition, a commercial product. To learn more about commercial products, see https://www.mysql.com/products/.
MySQL Enterprise Edition includes MySQL Enterprise Audit, implemented using a server plugin named
audit_log. MySQL Enterprise Audit uses the open MySQL Audit
API to enable standard, policy-based monitoring and logging of
connection and query activity executed on specific MySQL servers.
Designed to meet the Oracle audit specification, MySQL Enterprise Audit
provides an out of box, easy to use auditing and compliance
solution for applications that are governed by both internal and
external regulatory guidelines.
When installed, the audit plugin enables MySQL Server to produce a log file containing an audit record of server activity. The log contents include when clients connect and disconnect, and what actions they perform while connected, such as which databases and tables they access.
After you install the audit plugin (see
Section 126.96.36.199, “Installing MySQL Enterprise Audit”), it writes an audit log
file. By default, the file is named
in the server data directory. To change the name of the file, set
variable at server startup.
Audit log file contents are not encrypted. See Section 188.8.131.52, “MySQL Enterprise Audit Security Considerations”.
The audit log file is written in XML, with auditable events
<AUDIT_RECORD> elements. To
select the file format, set the
audit_log_format system variable
at server startup. For details on file format and contents, see
Section 184.108.40.206, “Audit Log File Formats”.
For more information about controlling how logging occurs, including audit log file naming and format selection, see Section 220.127.116.11, “Audit Log Logging Control”. To perform filtering of audited events, see Section 18.104.22.168, “Audit Log Filtering”. For descriptions of the parameters used to configure the audit log plugin, see Audit Log Options and System Variables.
If the audit log plugin is enabled, the Performance Schema (see Chapter 22, MySQL Performance Schema) has instrumentation for it. To identify the relevant instruments, use this query:
SELECT NAME FROM performance_schema.setup_instruments WHERE NAME LIKE '%/alog/%';
Several changes were made to the audit log plugin in MySQL 5.6.14 for better compatibility with Oracle Audit Vault.
A new audit log file format was implemented. It is possible to
select either the old or new format using the
audit_log_format system variable,
which has permitted values of
OLD). The two
formats differ as follows:
<AUDIT_RECORD>elements written in the old format using attributes is written in the new format using subelements.
The new format includes more information in
<AUDIT_RECORD>elements. Every element includes a
RECORD_IDvalue providing a unique identifier. The
TIMESTAMPvalue includes time zone information. Query records include
USERinformation, as well as
Example of old
<AUDIT_RECORD TIMESTAMP="2013-09-15T15:27:27" NAME="Query" CONNECTION_ID="3" STATUS="0" SQLTEXT="SELECT 1" />
Example of new
<AUDIT_RECORD> <TIMESTAMP>2013-09-15T15:27:27 UTC</TIMESTAMP> <RECORD_ID>3998_2013-09-15T15:27:27</RECORD_ID> <NAME>Query</NAME> <CONNECTION_ID>3</CONNECTION_ID> <STATUS>0</STATUS> <STATUS_CODE>0</STATUS_CODE> <USER>root[root] @ localhost [127.0.0.1]</USER> <OS_LOGIN></OS_LOGIN> <HOST>localhost</HOST> <IP>127.0.0.1</IP> <COMMAND_CLASS>select</COMMAND_CLASS> <SQLTEXT>SELECT 1</SQLTEXT> </AUDIT_RECORD>
When the audit log plugin rotates the audit log file, it uses a
different file name format. For a log file named
audit.log, the plugin previously renamed the
The plugin now renames the file to
to indicate that it is an XML file.
If you change the value of
audit_log_format, use this
procedure to avoid writing log entries in one format to an
existing log file that contains entries in a different format:
Stop the server.
Rename the current audit log file manually.
Restart the server with the new value of
audit_log_format. The audit log plugin creates a new log file, which will contain log entries in the selected format.
The API for writing audit plugins has also changed. The
mysql_event_general structure has new members
to represent client host name and IP address, command class, and
external user. For more information, see
Section 22.214.171.124, “Writing Audit Plugins”.