MySQL Enterprise Backup User's Guide (Version 4.1.4)

Abstract

This is the user manual for MySQL Enterprise Backup, a commercially licensed backup utility for MySQL databases. It explains the different kinds of backup and restore that can be performed with MySQL Enterprise Backup, and describes the commands for performing them. Strategies for optimizing backup and restore operations are also discussed.

For notes detailing the changes in each release, see the MySQL Enterprise Backup 4.1 Release Notes.

For legal information, including licensing information, see the Preface and Legal Notices.

For help with using MySQL, please visit the MySQL Forums, where you can discuss your issues with other MySQL users.

Document generated on: 2020-09-28 (revision: 8198)


Table of Contents

Preface and Legal Notices
I Getting Started with MySQL Enterprise Backup
1 Introduction to MySQL Enterprise Backup
1.1 The mysqlbackup Client
1.2 Overview of Backup Types
1.3 Files that Are Backed Up
1.3.1 Types of Files Contained in a Backup
1.3.2 Files Backed up for InnoDB Data
1.3.3 Files Backed up for Data Stored with MyISAM and Other Storage Engines
1.3.4 Files Generated by mysqlbackup
2 Installing MySQL Enterprise Backup
3 What's New in MySQL Enterprise Backup 4.1?
II Using MySQL Enterprise Backup
4 Backing Up a Database Server
4.1 Before the First Backup
4.1.1 Collect Database Information
4.1.2 Grant MySQL Privileges to Backup Administrator
4.1.3 Designate a Location for the Backup Directory
4.2 The Typical Backup / Verify / Restore Cycle
4.2.1 Backing Up an Entire MySQL Instance
4.2.2 Verifying a Backup
4.2.3 Restoring a Database
4.3 Backup Scenarios and Examples
4.3.1 Making a Single-File Backup
4.3.2 Making a Full Backup
4.3.3 Making a Differential or Incremental Backup
4.3.4 Making a Compressed Backup
4.3.5 Making a Partial Backup
4.3.6 Making an Optimistic Backup
4.3.7 Making a Back Up of In-Memory Database Data
4.3.8 Making Scheduled Backups
4.4 Making Backups with a Distributed File System (DFS) or Storage Access Network (SAN)
5 Recovering or Restoring a Database
5.1 Performing a Restore Operation
5.1.1 Restoring a Compressed Backup
5.1.2 Restoring an Encrypted Backup Image
5.1.3 Restoring an Incremental Backup
5.1.4 Restoring Backups Created with the --use-tts Option
5.1.5 Restoring a Backup from Cloud Storage to a MySQL Server
5.1.6 Restoring External InnoDB Tablespaces to Different Locations
5.1.7 Advanced: Preparing and Restoring a Directory Backup
5.2 Point-in-Time Recovery
5.3 Restoring a Backup with a Database Upgrade or Downgrade
6 Working with Encrypted InnoDB Tables
7 Using MySQL Enterprise Backup with Replication
7.1 Setting Up a New Replica
7.2 Backing up and Restoring a Replica Database
7.3 Restoring a Source Database
8 Using MySQL Enterprise Backup with Group Replication
9 Encryption for Backups
10 Using MySQL Enterprise Backup with Media Management Software (MMS) Products
10.1 Backing Up to Tape with Oracle Secure Backup
11 Performance Considerations for MySQL Enterprise Backup
11.1 Optimizing Backup Performance
11.2 Optimizing Restore Performance
12 Monitoring Backups with MySQL Enterprise Monitor
13 Troubleshooting for MySQL Enterprise Backup
13.1 Exit codes of MySQL Enterprise Backup
13.2 Working Around Corruption Problems
13.3 Using the MySQL Enterprise Backup Logs
13.4 Using the MySQL Enterprise Backup Manifest
III mysqlbackup Command Reference
14 mysqlbackup
15 mysqlbackup commands
15.1 Backup Operations
15.2 Update Operations
15.3 Restore Operations
15.4 Validation Operations
15.5 Other Single-File Backup Operations
15.6 Other Operations
16 mysqlbackup Command-Line Options
16.1 Standard Options
16.2 Connection Options
16.3 Server Repository Options
16.4 Backup Repository Options
16.5 Metadata Options
16.6 Compression Options
16.7 Incremental Backup Options
16.8 Partial Backup and Restore Options
16.9 Single-File Backup Options
16.10 Performance / Scalability / Capacity Options
16.11 Message Logging Options
16.12 Progress Report Options
16.13 Encryption Options
16.14 Options for Working with Encrypted InnoDB Tablespaces
16.15 Cloud Storage Options
16.16 Options for Special Backup Types
16.17 Other Options
17 Configuration Files and Parameters
IV Appendixes
A Frequently Asked Questions for MySQL Enterprise Backup
B Limitations of MySQL Enterprise Backup
C Compatibility Information for MySQL Enterprise Backup
C.1 Cross-Platform Compatibility
C.2 Compatibility with MySQL Versions
C.3 Compatibility with Older MySQL Enterprise Backup
D Backup History Table Update
MySQL Enterprise Backup Glossary
Index

List of Examples

4.1 Single-File Backup to Absolute Path
4.2 Single-File Backup to Relative Path
4.3 Single-File Backup to Standard Output
4.4 Convert Existing Backup Directory to Single Image
4.5 Extract Existing Image to Backup Directory
4.6 List Single-File Backup Contents
4.7 Validate a Single-File Backup
4.8 Extract Single-File Backup into Current Directory
4.9 Extract Single-File Backup into a Backup Directory
4.10 Selective Extract of Single File
4.11 Selective Extract of Single Directory
4.12 Dealing with Absolute Path Names
4.13 Single-File Backup to a Remote Host
4.14 Single-file Backup to a Remote MySQL Server
4.15 Stream a Backup Directory to a Remote MySQL Server
4.16 Creating a Cloud Backup on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Object Storage Classic
4.17 Creating a Cloud Backup on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Object Storage
4.18 Creating a Cloud Incremental Backup on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Object Storage
4.19 Creating a Cloud Backup on an OpenStack Object Storage
4.20 Creating a Cloud Backup on Amazon S3
4.21 Extract an Existing Image from an Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Object Storage Classic Container to a Backup Directory
4.22 Extract an Existing Image from Amazon S3 Cloud Storage to a Backup Directory
4.23 Making an Uncompressed Partial Backup of InnoDB Tables
4.24 Making a Compressed Partial Backup
4.25 Optimistic Backup Using the Option optimistic-time=YYMMDDHHMMSS
4.26 Optimistic Backup Using the Option optimistic-time=now
4.27 Optimistic Backup Using the optimistic-busy-tables Option
4.28 Optimistic and Partial Backup Using both the optimistic-busy-tables and optimistic-time Options
5.1 Restoring a Database
5.2 Restoring a Compressed Backup
5.3 Restoring a Compressed Directory Backup
5.4 Restoring a Compressed and Prepared Directory Backup
5.5 Restoring an Encrypted Backup Image
5.6 Restoring an Incremental Backup Image
5.7 Restoring Selected Tables from a TTS Image Backup
5.8 Restoring and Renaming a Table from a TTS Backup
5.9 Restoring a Single-file Backup from an Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) Object Storage Classic Container to a MySQL Server
5.10 Restoring a Single-file Backup from an Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) Object Storage to a MySQL Server
5.11 Restoring a Cloud Incremental Backup from an Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) Object Storage Service to a MySQL Server
5.12 Restoring a Single-file Backup from an OpenStack Object Storage to a MySQL Server
5.13 Restoring a Single-file Backup from Amazon S3 to a MySQL Server
5.14 Restoring a Backup Directory using copy-back-and-apply-log
5.15 Applying the Log to a Backup
5.16 Applying the Log to a Compressed Backup
10.1 Sample mysqlbackup Commands Using MySQL Enterprise Backup with Oracle Secure Backup
15.1 Apply Log to Full Backup
17.1 Example backup-my.cnf file