There are different ways to use incremental backups to restore a
database under different scenarios. The preferred method is to
first restore the full backup and make it up-to-date to the time
at which the full backup was performed using the
copy-back-and-apply-log command (see
Example 5.1, “Restoring a Database” on how
to do it), then use
copy-back-and-apply-log again to
restore the incremental backup image on top of the full backup
that was just restored:
Example 5.6 Restoring an Incremental Backup Image
mysqlbackup --defaults-file=<my.cnf> -uroot --backup-image=<inc_image_name> \ --backup-dir=<incBackupTmpDir> --datadir=<restoreDir> --incremental \ copy-back-and-apply-log
In this example, the incremental backup image named
<inc_image_name> is restored to
<restoreDir> on the server (where
the full backup that the incremental backup image was based on
has already been restored). The
--backup-dir option is used to
specify the temporary directory into which temporary output,
status files, and backup metadata are saved. Repeat the step
with other incremental backup images that you have, until the
data has been restored to a desired point in time.
Advanced: Restoring an Incremental Backup Directory
Incremental directory backups can be restored in a series of
copy-back-and-apply-log command, as
illustrated above for single-file backups. Alternatively, at
anytime after an incremental backup is taken and before the data
is restored, you can bring your full backup up-to-date with your
incremental backup. First, apply to the full backup any changes
that occurred while the backup was running:
$ mysqlbackup --backup-dir=/full-backup/2010-12-08_17-14-11 apply-log ..many lines of output... 101208 17:15:10 mysqlbackup: Full backup prepared for recovery successfully! 101208 17:15:10 mysqlbackup: mysqlbackup completed OK!
Then, we apply the changes from the incremental backup using the
$ mysqlbackup --incremental-backup-dir=/incr-backup/2010-12-08_17-14-48 --backup-dir=/full-backup/2010-12-08_17-14-11 apply-incremental-backup ...many lines of output... 101208 17:15:12 mysqlbackup: mysqlbackup completed OK!
Now, the data files in the full backup directory are fully up-to-date, as of the time of the last incremental backup. You can keep updating it with more incremental backups, so it is ready to be restored anytime.
Binary Log and Relay Log Restore
When an incremental backup is being restored using either the
the binary log (and also the relay log, in the case of a replica
server), if included in the incremental backup, is also restored
to the target server by default. This default behavior is
overridden when either (1) the
--skip-binlog option (or the
--skip-relaylog option for the relay
log) is used with the restore command, or (2) if the full backup
the incremental backup was based on or any prior incremental
backup that came in between the full backup and this incremental
backup has the binary log (or relay log) missing (in both cases,
for MySQL Enterprise Backup 4.1.5 and later,
mysqlbackup renamed any binary log (but not
relay log) files and their index files that have already been
restored onto the server by adding the
extension to their file names).
For release 4.1.2 and later: Location of
the binary log (or relay log) after an incremental backup is
restored is, by default, the same as the log's location on the
backed-up server when the incremental backup was taken, or as
specified by the
--relay-log) option during the
restore of the incremental backup.
For release 4.1.1 and earlier: Location of the binary log (or relay log) after an incremental backup is restored is the data directory of the restored server.
See Section 4.3.3, “Making a Differential or Incremental Backup”, and Section 16.7, “Incremental Backup Options”, for more details on incremental backups.