Every table has a table character set and a table collation. The
CREATE TABLE and
ALTER TABLE statements have
optional clauses for specifying the table character set and
CREATE TABLE tbl_name (column_list) [[DEFAULT] CHARACTER SET charset_name] [COLLATE collation_name]] ALTER TABLE tbl_name [[DEFAULT] CHARACTER SET charset_name] [COLLATE collation_name]
CREATE TABLE t1 ( ... ) CHARACTER SET latin1 COLLATE latin1_danish_ci;
MySQL chooses the table character set and collation in the following manner:
COLLATEare specified, character set
CHARACTER SETis specified without
COLLATE, character set
charset_nameand its default collation are used. To see the default collation for each character set, use the
SHOW CHARACTER SETstatement or query the
COLLATEis specified without
CHARACTER SET, the character set associated with
COLLATEis specified), the database character set and collation are used.
The table character set and collation are used as default values for column definitions if the column character set and collation are not specified in individual column definitions. The table character set and collation are MySQL extensions; there are no such things in standard SQL.