It is safe to shut down a replication source server and restart
it later. When a replica loses its connection to the source, the
replica tries to reconnect immediately and retries periodically
if that fails. The default is to retry every 60 seconds. This
may be changed with the
TO statement. A replica also is able to deal with
network connectivity outages. However, the replica notices the
network outage only after receiving no data from the source for
slave_net_timeout seconds. If
your outages are short, you may want to decrease
Section 5.1.7, “Server System Variables”.
An unclean shutdown (for example, a crash) on the source side
can result in the source's binary log having a final position
less than the most recent position read by the replica, due to
the source's binary log file not being flushed. This can cause
the replica not to be able to replicate when the source comes
back up. Setting
in the source
my.cnf file helps to minimize
this problem because it causes the source to flush its binary
log more frequently. For the greatest possible durability and
consistency in a replication setup using
InnoDB with transactions, you should also set
With this setting, the contents of the
redo log buffer are written out to the log file at each
transaction commit and the log file is flushed to disk. Note
that the durability of transactions is still not guaranteed with
this setting, because operating systems or disk hardware may
tell mysqld that the flush-to-disk operation
has taken place, even though it has not.
Shutting down a replica cleanly is safe because it keeps track of where it left off. However, be careful that the replica does not have temporary tables open; see Section 126.96.36.199, “Replication and Temporary Tables”. Unclean shutdowns might produce problems, especially if the disk cache was not flushed to disk before the problem occurred:
For transactions, the replica commits and then updates
relay-log.info. If an unexpected exit occurs between these two operations, relay log processing proceeds further than the information file indicates and the replica re-executes the events from the last transaction in the relay log after it has been restarted.
A similar problem can occur if the replica updates
relay-log.infobut the server host crashes before the write has been flushed to disk. To minimize the chance of this occurring, set
sync_relay_log_info=1in the replica
my.cnffile. The default value of
sync_relay_log_infois 0, which does not cause writes to be forced to disk; the server relies on the operating system to flush the file from time to time.
The fault tolerance of your system for these types of problems is greatly increased if you have a good uninterruptible power supply.