This section explains transaction-based replication using global transaction identifiers (GTIDs), introduced in MySQL 5.6.5. When using GTIDs, each transaction can be identified and tracked as it is committed on the originating server and applied by any slaves; this means that it is not necessary when using GTIDs to refer to log files or positions within those files when starting a new slave or failing over to a new master, which greatly simplifies these tasks. Because GTID-based replication is completely transaction-based, it is simple to determine whether masters and slaves are consistent; as long as all transactions committed on a master are also committed on a slave, consistency between the two is guaranteed. You can use either statement-based or row-based replication with GTIDs (see Section 17.1.2, “Replication Formats”); however, for best results, we recommend that you use the row-based format.
This section discusses the following topics:
How GTIDs are defined and created, and how they are represented in the MySQL Server (see Section 220.127.116.11, “GTID Concepts”).
A general procedure for setting up and starting GTID-based replication (see Section 18.104.22.168, “Setting Up Replication Using GTIDs”).
Suggested methods for provisioning new replication servers when using GTIDs (see Section 22.214.171.124, “Using GTIDs for Failover and Scaleout”).
Restrictions and limitations that you should be aware of when using GTID-based replication (see Section 126.96.36.199, “Restrictions on Replication with GTIDs”).
For information about MySQL Server options and variables relating to GTID-based replication, see Section 188.8.131.52, “Global Transaction ID Options and Variables”. See also Section 12.16, “Functions Used with Global Transaction IDs”, which describes SQL functions supported by MySQL 5.6 for use with GTIDs.
GTIDs are not compatible or supported with the
NDB storage engine used by MySQL
Cluster. Enabling GTIDs in MySQL Cluster is very likely to cause
NDB, and to cause MySQL Cluster
Replication to fail as well.