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18.5.10.27 The ndbinfo transporters Table

This table contains information about NDB transporters.

The following table provides information about the columns in the transporters table. For each column, the table shows the name, data type, and a brief description. Additional information can be found in the notes following the table.

Column NameTypeDescription
node_idintegerThis data node's unique node ID in the cluster
remote_node_idintegerThe remote data node's node ID
statusstringStatus of the connection
remote_addressstringName or IP address of the remote host
bytes_sentintegerNumber of bytes sent using this connection
bytes_receivedintegerNumber of bytes received using this connection
connect_countintegerNumber of times connection established on this transporter
overloadedboolean (0 or 1)1 if this transporter is currently overloaded, otherwise 0
overload_countintegerNumber of times this transporter has entered overload state since connecting
slowdownboolean (0 or 1)1 if this transporter is in slowdown state, otherwise 0
slowdown_countintegerNumber of times this transporter has entered slowdown state since connecting

For each running data node in the cluster, the transporters table displays a row showing the status of each of that node's connections with all nodes in the cluster, including itself. This information is shown in the table's status column, which can have any one of the following values: CONNECTING, CONNECTED, DISCONNECTING, or DISCONNECTED.

Connections to API and management nodes which are configured but not currently connected to the cluster are shown with status DISCONNECTED. Rows where the node_id is that of a data node which is not currently connected are not shown in this table. (This is similar omission of disconnected nodes in the ndbinfo.nodes table.

The remote_address is the host name or address for the node whose ID is shown in the remote_node_id column. The bytes_sent from this node and bytes_received by this node are the numbers, respectively, of bytes sent and received by the node using this connection since it was established. For nodes whose status is CONNECTING or DISCONNECTED, these columns always display 0.

Assume you have a 5-node cluster consisting of 2 data nodes, 2 SQL nodes, and 1 management node, as shown in the output of the SHOW command in the ndb_mgm client:

ndb_mgm> SHOW
Connected to Management Server at: localhost:1186
Cluster Configuration
---------------------
[ndbd(NDB)]     2 node(s)
id=1    @10.100.10.1  (5.6.36-ndb-7.4.16, Nodegroup: 0, *)
id=2    @10.100.10.2  (5.6.36-ndb-7.4.16, Nodegroup: 0)

[ndb_mgmd(MGM)] 1 node(s)
id=10   @10.100.10.10  (5.6.36-ndb-7.4.16)

[mysqld(API)]   2 node(s)
id=20   @10.100.10.20  (5.6.36-ndb-7.4.16)
id=21   @10.100.10.21  (5.6.36-ndb-7.4.16)

There are 10 rows in the transporters table—5 for the first data node, and 5 for the second—assuming that all data nodes are running, as shown here:

mysql> SELECT node_id, remote_node_id, status
    ->   FROM ndbinfo.transporters;
+---------+----------------+---------------+
| node_id | remote_node_id | status        |
+---------+----------------+---------------+
|       1 |              1 | DISCONNECTED  |
|       1 |              2 | CONNECTED     |
|       1 |             10 | CONNECTED     |
|       1 |             20 | CONNECTED     |
|       1 |             21 | CONNECTED     |
|       2 |              1 | CONNECTED     |
|       2 |              2 | DISCONNECTED  |
|       2 |             10 | CONNECTED     |
|       2 |             20 | CONNECTED     |
|       2 |             21 | CONNECTED     |
+---------+----------------+---------------+
10 rows in set (0.04 sec)

If you shut down one of the data nodes in this cluster using the command 2 STOP in the ndb_mgm client, then repeat the previous query (again using the mysql client), this table now shows only 5 rows—1 row for each connection from the remaining management node to another node, including both itself and the data node that is currently offline—and displays CONNECTING for the status of each remaining connection to the data node that is currently offline, as shown here:

mysql> SELECT node_id, remote_node_id, status
    ->   FROM ndbinfo.transporters;
+---------+----------------+---------------+
| node_id | remote_node_id | status        |
+---------+----------------+---------------+
|       1 |              1 | DISCONNECTED  |
|       1 |              2 | CONNECTING    |
|       1 |             10 | CONNECTED     |
|       1 |             20 | CONNECTED     |
|       1 |             21 | CONNECTED     |
+---------+----------------+---------------+
5 rows in set (0.02 sec)

The connect_count, overloaded, overload_count ,slowdown, and slowdown_count counters are reset on connection, and retain their values after the remote node disconnects. The bytes_sent and bytes_received counters are also reset on connection, and so retain their values following disconnection (until the next connection resets them).

The overload state referred to by the overloaded and overload_count columns occurs when this transporter's send buffer contains more than OVerloadLimit bytes (default is 80% of SendBufferMemory, that is, 0.8 * 2097152 = 1677721 bytes). When a given transporter is in a state of overload, any new transaction that tries to use this transporter fails with Error 1218 (Send Buffers overloaded in NDB kernel). This affects both scans and primary key operations.

The slowdown state referenced by the slowdown and slowdown_count columns of this table occurs when the transporter's send buffer contains more than 60% of the overload limit (equal to 0.6 * 2097152 = 1258291 bytes by default). In this state, any new scan using this transporter has its batch size reduced to minimize the load on the transporter.

Common causes of send buffer slowdown or overloading include the following:

  • Data size, in particular the quantity of data stored in TEXT columns or BLOB columns (or both types of columns)

  • Having a data node (ndbd or ndbmtd) on the same host as an SQL node that is engaged in binary logging

  • Large number of rows per transaction or transaction batch

  • Configuration issues such as insufficient SendBufferMemory

  • Hardware issues such as insufficient RAM or poor network connectivity

See also Section 18.3.3.13, “Configuring NDB Cluster Send Buffer Parameters”.


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