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MySQL 5.5 Reference Manual
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Excerpts from this Manual ANALYZE TABLE Syntax

    tbl_name [, tbl_name] ...

ANALYZE TABLE analyzes and stores the key distribution for a table. During the analysis, the table is locked with a read lock for InnoDB and MyISAM. This statement works with InnoDB, NDB, and MyISAM tables. For MyISAM tables, this statement is equivalent to using myisamchk --analyze. This statement does not work with views.

For more information on how the analysis works within InnoDB, see Section 14.9.11, “Configuring Optimizer Statistics for InnoDB”. Also see Section, “Estimating ANALYZE TABLE Complexity for InnoDB Tables” and Section 14.11.8, “Limits on InnoDB Tables”.

MySQL uses the stored key distribution to decide the order in which tables should be joined when you perform a join on something other than a constant. In addition, key distributions can be used when deciding which indexes to use for a specific table within a query.

This statement requires SELECT and INSERT privileges for the table.

ANALYZE TABLE is supported for partitioned tables, and you can use ALTER TABLE ... ANALYZE PARTITION to analyze one or more partitions; for more information, see Section 13.1.7, “ALTER TABLE Syntax”, and Section 19.3.3, “Maintenance of Partitions”.

ANALYZE TABLE returns a result set with the following columns.

TableThe table name
OpAlways analyze
Msg_typestatus, error, info, note, or warning
Msg_textAn informational message

You can check the stored key distribution with the SHOW INDEX statement. See Section, “SHOW INDEX Syntax”.

If the table has not changed since the last ANALYZE TABLE statement, the table is not analyzed again.

By default, the server writes ANALYZE TABLE statements to the binary log so that they replicate to replication slaves. To suppress logging, specify the optional NO_WRITE_TO_BINLOG keyword or its alias LOCAL.

User Comments
  Posted by James Day on July 26, 2004
Use mysqlcheck -Aa -uroot -p to run analyze table for all databases and tables (including InnoDB) on a running server. Available in MySQL 3.23.38 and later.
  Posted by Rob Blick on April 27, 2005
Note that ANALYZE TABLE requires SELECT and INSERT privileges, only (LOCK TABLES is not needed).
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