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Excerpts from this Manual

13.6.5.6 REPEAT Syntax

[begin_label:] REPEAT
    statement_list
UNTIL search_condition
END REPEAT [end_label]

The statement list within a REPEAT statement is repeated until the search_condition expression is true. Thus, a REPEAT always enters the loop at least once. statement_list consists of one or more statements, each terminated by a semicolon (;) statement delimiter.

A REPEAT statement can be labeled. For the rules regarding label use, see Section 13.6.2, “Statement Label Syntax”.

Example:

mysql> delimiter //

mysql> CREATE PROCEDURE dorepeat(p1 INT)
       BEGIN
         SET @x = 0;
         REPEAT
           SET @x = @x + 1;
         UNTIL @x > p1 END REPEAT;
       END
       //
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> CALL dorepeat(1000)//
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> SELECT @x//
+------+
| @x   |
+------+
| 1001 |
+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)