The Performance Schema instruments transactions. Within the event hierarchy, wait events nest within stage events, which nest within statement events, which nest within transaction events.
These tables store transaction events:
events_transactions_current: The current transaction event for each thread.
events_transactions_history: The most recent transaction events that have ended per thread.
events_transactions_history_long: The most recent transaction events that have ended globally (across all threads).
The following sections describe the transaction event tables. There are also summary tables that aggregate information about transaction events; see Section 10.15.4, “Transaction Summary Tables”.
For more information about the relationship between the three transaction event tables, see Performance Schema Tables for Current and Historical Events.
Configuring Transaction Event Collection
To control whether to collect transaction events, set the state of the relevant instruments and consumers:
setup_instrumentstable contains an instrument named
transaction. Use this instrument to enable or disable collection of individual transaction event classes.
setup_consumerstable contains consumer values with names corresponding to the current and historical transaction event table names. Use these consumers to filter collection of transaction events.
transaction instrument and the
transaction consumers are disabled by default:
mysql> SELECT * FROM performance_schema.setup_instruments WHERE NAME = 'transaction'; +-------------+---------+-------+ | NAME | ENABLED | TIMED | +-------------+---------+-------+ | transaction | NO | NO | +-------------+---------+-------+ mysql> SELECT * FROM performance_schema.setup_consumers WHERE NAME LIKE 'events_transactions%'; +----------------------------------+---------+ | NAME | ENABLED | +----------------------------------+---------+ | events_transactions_current | NO | | events_transactions_history | NO | | events_transactions_history_long | NO | +----------------------------------+---------+
To control transaction event collection at server startup, use
lines like these in your
[mysqld] performance-schema-instrument='transaction=ON' performance-schema-consumer-events-transactions-current=ON performance-schema-consumer-events-transactions-history=ON performance-schema-consumer-events-transactions-history-long=ON
[mysqld] performance-schema-instrument='transaction=OFF' performance-schema-consumer-events-transactions-current=OFF performance-schema-consumer-events-transactions-history=OFF performance-schema-consumer-events-transactions-history-long=OFF
To control transaction event collection at runtime, update the
UPDATE performance_schema.setup_instruments SET ENABLED = 'YES', TIMED = 'YES' WHERE NAME = 'transaction'; UPDATE performance_schema.setup_consumers SET ENABLED = 'YES' WHERE NAME LIKE 'events_transactions%';
UPDATE performance_schema.setup_instruments SET ENABLED = 'NO', TIMED = 'NO' WHERE NAME = 'transaction'; UPDATE performance_schema.setup_consumers SET ENABLED = 'NO' WHERE NAME LIKE 'events_transactions%';
To collect transaction events only for specific transaction
event tables, enable the
instrument but only the transaction consumers corresponding to
the desired tables.
setup_timers table contains a
row with a
NAME value of
transaction that indicates the unit for
transaction event timing. The default unit is
mysql> SELECT * FROM performance_schema.setup_timers WHERE NAME = 'transaction'; +-------------+------------+ | NAME | TIMER_NAME | +-------------+------------+ | transaction | NANOSECOND | +-------------+------------+
To change the timing unit, modify the
UPDATE performance_schema.setup_timers SET TIMER_NAME = 'MICROSECOND' WHERE NAME = 'transaction';
For additional information about configuring event collection, see Chapter 4, Performance Schema Startup Configuration, and Chapter 5, Performance Schema Runtime Configuration.
In MySQL Server, transactions start explicitly with these statements:
START TRANSACTION | BEGIN | XA START | XA BEGIN
Transactions also start implicitly. For example, when the
autocommit system variable is
enabled, the start of each statement starts a new transaction.
autocommit is disabled,
the first statement following a committed transaction marks the
start of a new transaction. Subsequent statements are part of
the transaction until it is committed.
Transactions explicitly end with these statements:
COMMIT | ROLLBACK | XA COMMIT | XA ROLLBACK
Transactions also end implicitly, by execution of DDL statements, locking statements, and server administration statements.
In the following discussion, references to
TRANSACTION also apply to
BEGIN. Similarly, references to
The Performance Schema defines transaction boundaries similarly to that of the server. The start and end of a transaction event closely match the corresponding state transitions in the server:
For an explicitly started transaction, the transaction event starts during processing of the
For an implicitly started transaction, the transaction event starts on the first statement that uses a transactional engine after the previous transaction has ended.
For any transaction, whether explicitly or implicitly ended, the transaction event ends when the server transitions out of the active transaction state during the processing of
There are subtle implications to this approach:
Transaction events in the Performance Schema do not fully include the statement events associated with the corresponding
ROLLBACKstatements. There is a trivial amount of timing overlap between the transaction event and these statements.
Statements that work with nontransactional engines have no effect on the transaction state of the connection. For implicit transactions, the transaction event begins with the first statement that uses a transactional engine. This means that statements operating exclusively on nontransactional tables are ignored, even following
To illustrate, consider the following scenario:
1. SET autocommit = OFF; 2. CREATE TABLE t1 (a INT) ENGINE = InnoDB; 3. START TRANSACTION; -- Transaction 1 START 4. INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (1), (2), (3); 5. CREATE TABLE t2 (a INT) ENGINE = MyISAM; -- Transaction 1 COMMIT -- (implicit; DDL forces commit) 6. INSERT INTO t2 VALUES (1), (2), (3); -- Update nontransactional table 7. UPDATE t2 SET a = a + 1; -- ... and again 8. INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (4), (5), (6); -- Write to transactional table -- Transaction 2 START (implicit) 9. COMMIT; -- Transaction 2 COMMIT
From the perspective of the server, Transaction 1 ends when
t2 is created. Transaction 2 does not
start until a transactional table is accessed, despite the
intervening updates to nontransactional tables.
From the perspective of the Performance Schema, Transaction 2 starts when the server transitions into an active transaction state. Statements 6 and 7 are not included within the boundaries of Transaction 2, which is consistent with how the server writes transactions to the binary log.
Three attributes define transactions:
Access mode (read only, read write)
Isolation level (
REPEATABLE READ, and so forth)
autocommitenabled) or explicit (
To reduce complexity of the transaction instrumentation and to ensure that the collected transaction data provides complete, meaningful results, all transactions are instrumented independently of access mode, isolation level, or autocommit mode.
To selectively examine transaction history, use the attribute
columns in the transaction event tables:
The cost of transaction instrumentation can be reduced various ways, such as enabling or disabling transaction instrumentation according to user, account, host, or thread (client connection).
Transactions and Nested Events
The parent of a transaction event is the event that initiated
the transaction. For an explicitly started transaction, this
CHAIN statements. For an implicitly started
transaction, it is the first statement that uses a transactional
engine after the previous transaction ends.
In general, a transaction is the top-level parent to all events
initiated during the transaction, including statements that
explicitly end the transaction such as
Exceptions are statements that implicitly end a transaction,
such as DDL statements, in which case the current transaction
must be committed before the new statement is executed.
Transactions and Stored Programs
Transactions and stored program events are related as follows:
Stored procedures operate independently of transactions. A stored procedure can be started within a transaction, and a transaction can be started or ended from within a stored procedure. If called from within a transaction, a stored procedure can execute statements that force a commit of the parent transaction and then start a new transaction.
If a stored procedure is started within a transaction, that transaction is the parent of the stored procedure event.
If a transaction is started by a stored procedure, the stored procedure is the parent of the transaction event.
Stored functions are restricted from causing an explicit or implicit commit or rollback. Stored function events can reside within a parent transaction event.
Triggers activate as part of a statement that accesses the table with which it is associated, so the parent of a trigger event is always the statement that activates it.
Triggers cannot issue statements that cause an explicit or implicit commit or rollback of a transaction.
The execution of the statements in the body of a scheduled event takes place in a new connection. Nesting of a scheduled event within a parent transaction is not applicable.
Transactions and Savepoints
Savepoint statements are recorded as separate statement events.
Transaction events include separate counters for
SAVEPOINT statements issued during the transaction.
Transactions and Errors
Errors and warnings that occur within a transaction are recorded in statement events, but not in the corresponding transaction event. This includes transaction-specific errors and warnings, such as a rollback on a nontransactional table or GTID consistency errors.