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MySQL Performance Schema  /  Performance Schema Table Descriptions  /  Performance Schema Statement Event Tables

10.6 Performance Schema Statement Event Tables

The Performance Schema instruments statement execution. Statement events occur at a high level of the event hierarchy. Within the event hierarchy, wait events nest within stage events, which nest within statement events, which nest within transaction events.

These tables store statement events:

The following sections describe the statement event tables. There are also summary tables that aggregate information about statement events; see Section 10.15.3, “Statement Summary Tables”.

For more information about the relationship between the three events_statements_xxx event tables, see Performance Schema Tables for Current and Historical Events.

Configuring Statement Event Collection

To control whether to collect statement events, set the state of the relevant instruments and consumers:

  • The setup_instruments table contains instruments with names that begin with statement. Use these instruments to enable or disable collection of individual statement event classes.

  • The setup_consumers table contains consumer values with names corresponding to the current and historical statement event table names, and the statement digest consumer. Use these consumers to filter collection of statement events and statement digesting.

The statement instruments are enabled by default, and the events_statements_current, events_statements_history, and statements_digest statement consumers are enabled by default:

mysql> SELECT *
       FROM performance_schema.setup_instruments
       WHERE NAME LIKE 'statement/%';
| NAME                                        | ENABLED | TIMED |
| statement/sql/select                        | YES     | YES   |
| statement/sql/create_table                  | YES     | YES   |
| statement/sql/create_index                  | YES     | YES   |
| statement/sp/stmt                           | YES     | YES   |
| statement/sp/set                            | YES     | YES   |
| statement/sp/set_trigger_field              | YES     | YES   |
| statement/scheduler/event                   | YES     | YES   |
| statement/com/Sleep                         | YES     | YES   |
| statement/com/Quit                          | YES     | YES   |
| statement/com/Init DB                       | YES     | YES   |
| statement/abstract/Query                    | YES     | YES   |
| statement/abstract/new_packet               | YES     | YES   |
| statement/abstract/relay_log                | YES     | YES   |
mysql> SELECT *
       FROM performance_schema.setup_consumers
       WHERE NAME LIKE '%statements%';
| NAME                           | ENABLED |
| events_statements_current      | YES     |
| events_statements_history      | YES     |
| events_statements_history_long | NO      |
| statements_digest              | YES     |

To control statement event collection at server startup, use lines like these in your my.cnf file:

  • Enable:

  • Disable:


To control statement event collection at runtime, update the setup_instruments and setup_consumers tables:

  • Enable:

    UPDATE performance_schema.setup_instruments
    WHERE NAME LIKE 'statement/%';
    UPDATE performance_schema.setup_consumers
    WHERE NAME LIKE '%statements%';
  • Disable:

    UPDATE performance_schema.setup_instruments
    WHERE NAME LIKE 'statement/%';
    UPDATE performance_schema.setup_consumers
    WHERE NAME LIKE '%statements%';

To collect only specific statement events, enable only the corresponding statement instruments. To collect statement events only for specific statement event tables, enable the statement instruments but only the statement consumers corresponding to the desired tables.

The setup_timers table contains a row with a NAME value of statement that indicates the unit for statement event timing. The default unit is NANOSECOND:

mysql> SELECT *
       FROM performance_schema.setup_timers
       WHERE NAME = 'statement';
| NAME      | TIMER_NAME |
| statement | NANOSECOND |

To change the timing unit, modify the TIMER_NAME value:

UPDATE performance_schema.setup_timers
WHERE NAME = 'statement';

For additional information about configuring event collection, see Chapter 4, Performance Schema Startup Configuration, and Chapter 5, Performance Schema Runtime Configuration.

Statement Monitoring

Statement monitoring begins from the moment the server sees that activity is requested on a thread, to the moment when all activity has ceased. Typically, this means from the time the server gets the first packet from the client to the time the server has finished sending the response. Statements within stored programs are monitored like other statements.

When the Performance Schema instruments a request (server command or SQL statement), it uses instrument names that proceed in stages from more general (or abstract) to more specific until it arrives at a final instrument name.

Final instrument names correspond to server commands and SQL statements:

  • Server commands correspond to the COM_xxx codes defined in the mysql_com.h header file and processed in sql/ Examples are COM_PING and COM_QUIT. Instruments for commands have names that begin with statement/com, such as statement/com/Ping and statement/com/Quit.

  • SQL statements are expressed as text, such as DELETE FROM t1 or SELECT * FROM t2. Instruments for SQL statements have names that begin with statement/sql, such as statement/sql/delete and statement/sql/select.

Some final instrument names are specific to error handling:

  • statement/com/Error accounts for messages received by the server that are out of band. It can be used to detect commands sent by clients that the server does not understand. This may be helpful for purposes such as identifying clients that are misconfigured or using a version of MySQL more recent than that of the server, or clients that are attempting to attack the server.

  • statement/sql/error accounts for SQL statements that fail to parse. It can be used to detect malformed queries sent by clients. A query that fails to parse differs from a query that parses but fails due to an error during execution. For example, SELECT * FROM is malformed, and the statement/sql/error instrument is used. By contrast, SELECT * parses but fails with a No tables used error. In this case, statement/sql/select is used and the statement event contains information to indicate the nature of the error.

A request can be obtained from any of these sources:

  • As a command or statement request from a client, which sends the request as packets

  • As a statement string read from the relay log on a replica

  • As an event from the Event Scheduler

The details for a request are not initially known and the Performance Schema proceeds from abstract to specific instrument names in a sequence that depends on the source of the request.

For a request received from a client:

  1. When the server detects a new packet at the socket level, a new statement is started with an abstract instrument name of statement/abstract/new_packet.

  2. When the server reads the packet number, it knows more about the type of request received, and the Performance Schema refines the instrument name. For example, if the request is a COM_PING packet, the instrument name becomes statement/com/Ping and that is the final name. If the request is a COM_QUERY packet, it is known to correspond to an SQL statement but not the particular type of statement. In this case, the instrument changes from one abstract name to a more specific but still abstract name, statement/abstract/Query, and the request requires further classification.

  3. If the request is a statement, the statement text is read and given to the parser. After parsing, the exact statement type is known. If the request is, for example, an INSERT statement, the Performance Schema refines the instrument name from statement/abstract/Query to statement/sql/insert, which is the final name.

For a request read as a statement from the relay log on a replica:

  1. Statements in the relay log are stored as text and are read as such. There is no network protocol, so the statement/abstract/new_packet instrument is not used. Instead, the initial instrument is statement/abstract/relay_log.

  2. When the statement is parsed, the exact statement type is known. If the request is, for example, an INSERT statement, the Performance Schema refines the instrument name from statement/abstract/Query to statement/sql/insert, which is the final name.

The preceding description applies only for statement-based replication. For row-based replication, table I/O done on the replica as it processes row changes can be instrumented, but row events in the relay log do not appear as discrete statements.

For a request received from the Event Scheduler:

The event execution is instrumented using the name statement/scheduler/event. This is the final name.

Statements executed within the event body are instrumented using statement/sql/* names, without use of any preceding abstract instrument. An event is a stored program, and stored programs are precompiled in memory before execution. Consequently, there is no parsing at runtime and the type of each statement is known by the time it executes.

Statements executed within the event body are child statements. For example, if an event executes an INSERT statement, execution of the event itself is the parent, instrumented using statement/scheduler/event, and the INSERT is the child, instrumented using statement/sql/insert. The parent/child relationship holds between separate instrumented operations. This differs from the sequence of refinement that occurs within a single instrumented operation, from abstract to final instrument names.

For statistics to be collected for statements, it is not sufficient to enable only the final statement/sql/* instruments used for individual statement types. The abtract statement/abstract/* instruments must be enabled as well. This should not normally be an issue because all statement instruments are enabled by default. However, an application that enables or disables statement instruments selectively must take into account that disabling abstract instruments also disables statistics collection for the individual statement instruments. For example, to collect statistics for INSERT statements, statement/sql/insert must be enabled, but also statement/abstract/new_packet and statement/abstract/Query. Similarly, for replicated statements to be instrumented, statement/abstract/relay_log must be enabled.

No statistics are aggregated for abstract instruments such as statement/abstract/Query because no statement is ever classified with an abstract instrument as the final statement name.