MySQL Partitioning  /  Restrictions and Limitations on Partitioning  /  Partitioning Limitations Relating to Functions

6.3 Partitioning Limitations Relating to Functions

This section discusses limitations in MySQL Partitioning relating specifically to functions used in partitioning expressions.

Only the MySQL functions shown in the following list are allowed in partitioning expressions:

In MySQL 8.0, partition pruning is supported for the TO_DAYS(), TO_SECONDS(), YEAR(), and UNIX_TIMESTAMP() functions. See Chapter 5, Partition Pruning, for more information.

CEILING() and FLOOR().  Each of these functions returns an integer only if it is passed an argument of an exact numeric type, such as one of the INT types or DECIMAL. This means, for example, that the following CREATE TABLE statement fails with an error, as shown here:

    ->     PARTITION p0 VALUES IN (1,3,5),
    ->     PARTITION p1 VALUES IN (2,4,6)
    -> );
ERROR 1490 (HY000): The PARTITION function returns the wrong type

EXTRACT() function with WEEK specifier.  The value returned by the EXTRACT() function, when used as EXTRACT(WEEK FROM col), depends on the value of the default_week_format system variable. For this reason, EXTRACT() is not permitted as a partitioning function when it specifies the unit as WEEK. (Bug #54483)

See Mathematical Functions, for more information about the return types of these functions, as well as Numeric Types.

User Comments
User comments in this section are, as the name implies, provided by MySQL users. The MySQL documentation team is not responsible for, nor do they endorse, any of the information provided here.
  Posted by Chris Wagner on August 19, 2011
The bit shift operators >> and << can be emulated in the partitioning function by DIV and multiplication. This is because shift is identical to multiplying or dividing by 2 on an integer. I'm using POW here just to illustrate the relationship between the functions. U can't use POW so write the actual product in the function as in my e.g.

`int` >> num --> `int` DIV POW(2, num)
`int` << num --> `int` * POW(2, num)

`int` >> 8 is `int` DIV 256