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MySQL 5.5 Reference Manual  /  The InnoDB Storage Engine  /  InnoDB File-Format Management

14.10 InnoDB File-Format Management

As InnoDB evolves, data file formats that are not compatible with prior versions of InnoDB are sometimes required to support new features. To help manage compatibility in upgrade and downgrade situations, and systems that run different versions of MySQL, InnoDB uses named file formats. InnoDB currently supports two named file formats, Antelope and Barracuda.

  • Antelope is the original InnoDB file format, which previously did not have a name. It supports COMPACT and REDUNDANT row formats for InnoDB tables and is the default file format in MySQL 5.5 to ensure maximum compatibility with earlier MySQL versions that do not support the Barracuda file format.

  • Barracuda is the newest file format. It supports all InnoDB row formats including the newer COMPRESSED and DYNAMIC row formats. The features associated with COMPRESSED and DYNAMIC row formats include compressed tables and off-page storage for long column data. See Section 14.11, “InnoDB Row Storage and Row Formats”.

This section discusses enabling file formats for new InnoDB tables, verifying compatibility of different file formats between MySQL releases, identifying the file format in use, and downgrading the file format.

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