In this section, we list limits found in NDB Cluster that either differ from limits found in, or that are not found in, standard MySQL.
Memory usage and recovery.
Memory consumed when data is inserted into an
NDB table is not automatically
recovered when deleted, as it is with other storage engines.
Instead, the following rules hold true:
DELETEstatement on an
NDBtable makes the memory formerly used by the deleted rows available for re-use by inserts on the same table only. However, this memory can be made available for general re-use by performing
A rolling restart of the cluster also frees any memory used by deleted rows. See Section 6.5, “Performing a Rolling Restart of an NDB Cluster”.
TRUNCATE TABLEoperation on an
NDBtable frees the memory that was used by this table for re-use by any
NDBtable, either by the same table or by another
TRUNCATE TABLEdrops and re-creates the table. See TRUNCATE TABLE Statement.
Limits imposed by the cluster's configuration. A number of hard limits exist which are configurable, but available main memory in the cluster sets limits. See the complete list of configuration parameters in Section 4.3, “NDB Cluster Configuration Files”. Most configuration parameters can be upgraded online. These hard limits include:
Database memory size and index memory size (
DataMemoryis allocated as 32KB pages. As each
DataMemorypage is used, it is assigned to a specific table; once allocated, this memory cannot be freed except by dropping the table.
See Section 4.3.6, “Defining NDB Cluster Data Nodes”, for more information.
The maximum number of operations that can be performed per transaction is set using the configuration parameters
TRUNCATE TABLE, and
ALTER TABLEare handled as special cases by running multiple transactions, and so are not subject to this limitation.
Different limits related to tables and indexes. For example, the maximum number of ordered indexes in the cluster is determined by
MaxNoOfOrderedIndexes, and the maximum number of ordered indexes per table is 16.
Node and data object maximums. The following limits apply to numbers of cluster nodes and metadata objects:
The maximum number of data nodes is 144. (In NDB 7.6 and earlier, this was 48.)
A data node must have a node ID in the range of 1 to 144, inclusive.
Management and API nodes may use node IDs in the range 1 to 255, inclusive.
The total maximum number of nodes in an NDB Cluster is 255. This number includes all SQL nodes (MySQL Servers), API nodes (applications accessing the cluster other than MySQL servers), data nodes, and management servers.
The maximum number of metadata objects in current versions of NDB Cluster is 20320. This limit is hard-coded.
See Section 2.7.11, “Previous NDB Cluster Issues Resolved in NDB Cluster 8.0”, for more information.